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German nationalist doctrine aiming at the union of all German-speaking peoples under German rule. Pan-Germanists considered that not only the German groups in neighboring countries, such as Austria, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Switzerland, and Alsace, but even distant German-speaking groups such as Volga Germans, Baltic Germans, Transylvanian Germans, and German-Americans were linked by a blood tie to their fatherland. The doctrine originated in the late 19th cent. as an instrument of German imperialistic expansion. In 1893 the Alldeutscher Verbund (Pan-German League) was founded. The Pan-Germans became particularly vocal after Germany's defeat in World War I had deprived it of some border territories and its colonies. National Socialism appropriated Pan-Germanism; by the annexation of Austria and of German-speaking parts of Czechoslovakia in 1938 and by German conquests in Europe during World War II, Adolf Hitler nearly succeeded for a time in making the Pan-German program a reality.



a political doctrine reflecting the aggressive aspirations of the German bourgeoisie and Junker class. Pan-Germanism originated in the early 1880’s in Austria-Hungary, where G. von Schönerer and his followers worked out a program for Germany’s annexation of the Austrian regions of the country. The ideas of Pan-Germanism took final shape at the end of the 19th century, when the Pan-German League was organized.

The proponents of Pan-Germanism inspired the policy goals of seizing Polish, Ukrainian, Byelorussian, and Baltic lands and establishing the world dominance of German imperialism. They promoted an arms race, the country’s militarization, and the building of a powerful navy. In its fervent nationalism, chauvinism, racism, and hostility to socialism, Pan-Germanism was an ideological predecessor of German fascism.

References in periodicals archive ?
Dawisha states that Arab nationalism resembles the premises of German nationalism, with its emphasis on culture, the community (folk), and the common national traits of language and history.
The Bonapartist legacy includes German nationalism, total warfare, 'the secret police, large-scale professional espionage, government propaganda machines, and the faking of supposedly democratic movements, elections and plebiscites' and, in time 'the totalitarian state of the twentieth century'.
Nationalism and Imperialism frequently go hand in hand, and the theme of German nationalism in the '20s and '30s was to restore the country to prosperity and make it a world power.
Becker, 34, claims he even refused to be Berlin's "ambassador" in its bid to host the 2000 Olympic Games because he feared a rise in German nationalism.
At the center of this essay is Johann Gottfried Herder (1744-1803), an author "who maintained that every society had its own standards and ideals, and that a people's happiness lay in the development of its own national needs," a thesis used by the Nazis to justify militant German nationalism (223).
In one of the more painful moments of the book, she looks at the rise of Zionism in light of the parallel rise of German nationalism (an influence one also notes with discomfort in the postcards and coffee-table books of modern Israel's early days, with their artless photos of flags and tanks and strapping young women in uniform).
In the above scenes, the various inter-war nationalisms - American nationalism, German nationalism, Italian nationalism, and black nationalism - bombard Jake and his friends, and, in their minds, all nationalisms are the same, since all nationalists appeal to their desires for power and control over their lives.
63) Doing so, the ZZP shied away neither from confrontation with German nationalism nor from opposition to non-working class Poles.
Just as the review collective is sometimes invoked almost as if it were a club or society (with weekly meetings and votes on motions), its members' German nationalism - which lasted only fifteen years - is characterized as the pronouncements of a German "Chosen" against an "inferior Italian Other" (p.
The way Hitler played on German nationalism you really can see how these forces get whipped up among thoroughly decent, sensible people.
The Ghosts of Berlin, as the book title indicates, are none other than the long shadows of German nationalism and its disastrous course during the twentieth century.
Part 2 discusses the myth of Hegel as an advocate of Prussian restoration, of totalitarianism and of German nationalism.

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