Germanicus Caesar


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Germanicus Caesar

(jərmăn`ĭkəs), 15 B.C.–A.D. 19, Roman general, son of Drusus Senior. He was adopted (A.D. 4) by his uncle Emperor TiberiusTiberius
(Tiberius Julius Caesar Augustus) , 42 B.C.–A.D. 37, second Roman emperor (A.D. 14–A.D. 37). He was the son of Tiberius Claudius Nero and Livia Drusilla and was originally named Tiberius Claudius Nero. He campaigned (20 B.C.) in Armenia, became (19 B.C.
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. Germanicus fought (A.D. 8) in Pannonia and Dalmatia and in A.D. 14, when he was commander in Germany, put down the mutiny of the Roman legions after the death of Augustus. He took advantage (A.D. 15) of an opportunity to attack ArminiusArminius
, d. A.D. 21, leader of the Germans, called Hermann in modern German. He was a chief of the Cherusci (in an area of present-day Hanover) when the Romans were pushing east from the Rhine toward the Elbe.
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, and though not at first successful he eventually defeated the German leader. In A.D. 16 he attacked and defeated the Germans at the Weser River. Tiberius recalled Germanicus and sent him to the East, where he reduced (A.D. 18) Cappadocia and Commagene to the status of provinces. After a visit to Egypt, Germanicus died suddenly, supposedly of poison at the hand of Cneius Calpurnius Piso, governor of Syria. Germanicus was the brother of the Emperor Claudius I and the father of the Emperor Caligula and Agrippina II by his wife Agrippina I.

Germanicus Caesar

15 bc--19 ad, Roman general; nephew of the emperor Tiberius; waged decisive campaigns against the Germans (14--16)