Germanisms

(redirected from Germanism)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Germanisms

 

words and expressions in Russian that were borrowed from German. Before the reign of Peter I the Great, such words as stul, “chair,” and shliapa, “hat” (16th century), and iarmarka, “fair,” and rotmistr, “cavalry captain” (17th century), had been adopted into Russian. In the first half of the 18th century there were numerous direct borrowings from German—administrative terms such as rang (rank), shtraf (fine), kantsler (chancellor), and bukhgalter (bookkeeper), and military terms such as iunker (Junker), lager’ (camp), and gauptvakhta (guardhouse), as well as terms for the arts and professions. In the second half of the 18th century, Russian assimilated various syntactical and word-formation caiques—for example, vygliadet’ from the German aussehen (to look or appear). In the mid-19th century there was an influx of political and philosophical terms, particularly in the form of caiques, such as mirovozzrenie (from Weltanschauung, “world view”) and samoopredelenie (from Selbstbestimmung, “self-determination”).

REFERENCES

Bogoroditskii, V. A. Obshchii kurs russkoi grammatiki, 5th ed. Moscow-Leningrad, 1935. Chapter 17.
Vinogradov, V. V. Ocherki po istorii russkogo literaturnogo iazyka XVII-XIX vv., 2nd ed. Moscow, 1938.
Bulakhovskii, L. A. Kurs russkogo literaturnogo iazyka, vol. 2, 4th ed. Kiev, 1953.
References in periodicals archive ?
Fearing that such words would show deficiency of the language, he warned readers that they themselves might harbor similar Germanisms in their speech.
The translation seems serviceable, if somewhat colloquial but the odd Germanism sometimes creeps in see, for example, 5, 102, and 154.
21, 60, 80, 110; Eskhult uses the Germanism "coincident case," while some German writers now use such Anglicisms as "Performative Ausserung") and the ingressive character of prefixing forms of stative roots (e.
By 1878, however, as befit his status as Antichrist-in-training, he felt obliged to revise his judgment: "In Bach there is too much crude Christianity, crude Germanism, crude scholasticism.
Epp, "An Analysis of Germanism and National Socialism in the Immigrant Newspapers of a Canadian Minority Group, the Mennonites, in the 1930s" (Ph.
The charge of Romanticism as Germanism brings out a certain redundancy in German Romanticism, a doubleness that doesn't really say anything yet cannot be reduced to a single term.
Germanism is genuine popularity and therefore an ideal" (58).
By uniting their Germanism with their Christianity, they could express their two-fold belief in Jesus Christ and the future of the German nation.
He [Bergerus] prays, he reads, he rails at the devil to the point that he sweats: 'den schelm die moest heraus,'" Bergerus shouts (the author capturing the authentic Germanism of the man from Bavaria).
So much of what was beautiful, horrible, or merely silly in our times originated here, and yet most of it was thrown away: Esperanto, pan, Germanism, Zionism, dental technology, consensual sadomasochism, symbolic logic, political anti-Semitism, atonal music, gutter journalism, Freudian and Reichian psychoanalysis, subsidized public housing, affirmative action, ethnic cleansing, lederhosen, plastic antler buttons, and fiberglass ski equipment.
There is an Orteguean "color" to the Germanism of Samuel Ramos (1897-1959) and others who relied on Hartmann and Scheler for many of their ideas.
Their anti-Bolshevism made them prey to the prevailing racist Pan Germanism (122ff).