Gerard Dou

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Dou, Gerard

 

Born Apr. 7, 1613, in Leiden; buried there Feb. 9, 1675. Dutch painter.

An ardent follower of Rembrandt in his earlier years (The Astronomer, c. 1628, the Hermitage, Leningrad), Dou studied under him from 1628 to 1631 in Leiden. He is known for his small genre paintings depicting cooks, market-women, doctors, and musicians. Two of these small paintings, The Violinist and The Dentist, hang today in the Picture Gallery in Dresden. Dou’s work exhibits a miniature style, a painstaking and pedantic reproduction of nature, and a fineness of brush stroke; at the same time it is characterized by a superficial prettiness, entertaining characters as models, and standard techniques such as placing the subject in a niche, near a window opening, or under artificial light (such as candlelight). It was these features that brought Dou success with the bourgeoisie. His long but undeserving fame as a major Dutch genre painter lasted into the 19th century.

REFERENCE

Martin, W. Gerard Dou: Des Meisters Gemälde. Stuttgart-Berlin, 1913.
References in periodicals archive ?
1665-66), alongside works by fellow Dutch painters such as Gerrit Dou and Gabriel Metsu.
ONE OF THE WORLD'S best private collections of 17th-century Dutch and Flemish paintings, including pieces by Rembrandt van Rijn, Frans Hals, Gerrit Dou, and Jan Steen has been unveiled in the exhibition, "Golden: Dutch and Flemish Masterworks from the Rose-Marie and Eijk van Otterloo Collection," which presents paintings, furniture, and decorative arts exceptional for their quality, superb condition, and impeccable provenance.
The two pictures by Gerrit Dou were also acquired by George IV in one of his quite frequent spells of sobriety.
Its atmospheric lighting inspired Sheridan Le Fanu, the Victorian writer of ghost stories, to spin a chilling story of the supernatural around the artist and his supposed relationship with his teacher, Gerrit Dou (himself a pupil of Rembrandt).
We learn that Vermeer and Gerrit Dou were as near to being court artists as Dutch society permitted.
The most enticing works are by Jacob van Ruisdael (another favourite with eighteenth-century collectors) and Gerrit Dou.
1) As a consequence, the holdings of Dutch paintings reflect 18th century French taste--that is, a preference for small cabinet pictures of genre scenes executed in a highly finished manner, particularly by Gerrit Dou, Wouwermans, the Italianates and also Rembrandt.
Strangely, it was only after moving to Amsterdam around 1655 that Metsu began to adopt methods more typical of his native Leiden, where fijnschilderij (fine painting) in the manner of Gerrit Dou reigned supreme.
Made in Holland: Old Masters from an American private collection' grants a rare chance for the public to view works usually kept under lock and key, including such charming paintings as A Resting Dog (1650) by Gerrit Dou (1613-75).
Indeed, as Franks goes on to remark, a Metsu painting was as much a luxury item as the objects featuring in it; a picture from the hand of his Leiden colleague Gerrit Dou could cost as much as a modest house at the time.
The ubiquity of the Bacchanal with a Goat relief as part of a fictive architectural surround in the paintings of Dutch fijnschilder, especially Gerrit Dou (who used it at least nine times) has been debated by scholars of Dutch painting.