Bell, Gertrude Margaret Lowthian

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Bell, Gertrude Margaret Lowthian

(lō`thēən), 1868–1926, British traveler, author, and government official, one of the builders of the modern state of IraqIraq
or Irak
, officially Republic of Iraq, republic (2005 est. pop. 26,075,000), 167,924 sq mi (434,924 sq km), SW Asia. Iraq is bordered on the south by Kuwait, the Persian Gulf, and Saudi Arabia; on the west by Jordan and Syria; on the north by Turkey; and on the
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, grad. Oxford, 1887. From 1899 on she journeyed extensively in Persia, Anatolia, and Syria and early in 1914 reached Haïl in the Arabian Desert. In World War I she placed her unmatched knowledge of Middle Eastern conditions and her fluent Arabic and Persian at the disposal of the British government and in 1915 was appointed to the intelligence service—the first woman to hold such a post. As liaison officer of the Arab Bureau in Iraq and assistant political officer, her aid was invaluable. She knew and worked with T. E. LawrenceLawrence, T. E.
(Thomas Edward Lawrence), 1888–1935, British adventurer, soldier, and scholar, known as Lawrence of Arabia. While a student at Oxford he went on a walking tour of Syria and in 1911 joined a British Museum archaeological expedition in Mesopotamia.
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 and was largely responsible for delineating Iraq's borders and for the selection of Faisal IFaisal I
or Faysal I
, 1885–1933, king of Iraq (1921–33). The third son of Husayn ibn Ali, sherif of Mecca, he is also called Faisal ibn Husayn. Faisal was educated in Constantinople and later sat in the Ottoman parliament as deputy for Jidda.
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 as the country's king. She also founded and directed the National Museum in Baghdad. Her writings include Poems from the Divan of Hafiz (1897), The Desert and the Sown (1907), Amurath to Amurath (1911), Palace and Mosque at Ukhaidar (1914), The Arab of Mesopotamia (1917), and Persian Pictures (1928; pub. anonymously as Safar Nameh, 1894).


See her Earlier Letters (ed. by E. Richmond, 1937) and Letters (new ed. 1947); biographies by J. Kamm (1956), A. Northgrave (1958), J. Wallach (1995), and G. Howell (2007).

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Gertrude Bell was instrumental in establishing King Faisal as the first monarch of Iraq.
Recently, Newcastle University's archive of almost 10,000 items, spanning photographs, letters, diaries and other papers relating to explorer and archaeologist Gertrude Bell, dating from 1871 to 1926, was recognised by UNSECO as being of world importance.
Many people thought the figure on the camel was Lawrence of Arabia, but in fact it was a woman - Teesside's own Queen of the Desert, Gertrude Bell.
Another historical figure who was key to the formation of the Middle East was Gertrude Bell, a fiercely independent woman born to a wealthy English industrialist.
Explorers covered include Thomas, Philby, Gertrude Bell, Bagnold and Forbes.
The native Australian actress portrays writer and British secret service operative, Gertrude Bell, in the film.
Summary: The story of Gertrude Bell (1868-1926) is among the compelling biographies of the late British Empire.
Upcoming this year, Kidman will also play a villainess in ''Paddington,'' amnesiac in ''Before I Go to Sleep,'' leading lady Grace Kelly in ''Grace of Monaco'' and Middle East pioneer Gertrude Bell in ''Queen of the Desert.
He is also set to star opposite Nicole Kidman in Queen Of The Desert, about the life of archaeologist Gertrude Bell.
And he is also set to star opposite Nicole Kidman in Queen of the Desert, a biopic about archaeologist, writer and explorer Gertrude Bell.
Owned by the trainer's wife, the selection is a half sister to Group 2 winner Gertrude Bell and connections will be desperate to get a 1 next to her name.
As a half-sister to the 1m4f Group 2 scorer Gertrude Bell, John Gosden's GERTRUDE VERSED (12.