Gesneriaceae


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Gesneriaceae

[ge‚snir·ē′ās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Scrophulariales characterized by parietal placentation, mostly opposite or whorled leaves, and a well-developed embryo.

Gesneriaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants related to the figworts (Scrophulariaceae). They are mainly herbs, sometimes with thickened rhizomes, and rarely shrubs, woody lianas, and small trees. Many small Gesneriaceae are epiphytes. The blossoms are primarily large, brightly colored, bisexual, and predominantly irregular. There are over 120 genera (more than 1,800 species), chiefly in the tropics and subtropics. In the USSR there are no wild Gesneriaceae. In some species of the genus Streptocarpus, the entire subterranean portion shows only one large leaf. Many Gesneriaceae, especially Gloxinias and the Saintpaulia ionantha violet, are greenhouse and house ornamentals.

REFERENCE

Ivanina, L. I. Semeistvo gesnerievykh: Karpologicheskii obzor. Leningrad, 1967.
References in periodicals archive ?
Burtt 2005 Old world Gesneriaceae X: Bornean species of Cyrtandra allied to C.
Important families: Scrophulariaceae, Oleaceae, Gesneriaceae, Lentibulariaceae.
It is still present as a staminode in Gesneriaceae, many Bignoniaceae, and many Veronicaceae, but lacking in, e.
Diversity of cycloidea-like genes in Gesneriaceae in relation to floral symmetry.