At first promoting all types of abstract art, he gravitated to gestural abstraction in 1950, and began associating with the surrealists in 1953, though he never became a member of the group.
Estienne worked diligently to achieve the rapprochement of surrealism and gestural abstraction between 1952 and 1956, through his art criticism in Combat and the Observateur, and through his curating of a number of exhibitions--several of which brought surrealism and contemporary abstraction together.
For Lengyel, Gaulish art, as seen in these coins, 'dissolves the concrete, and leads to the abstraction of the visible' (Lengyel, 1954: 4)--in this sense, it is a spiritual art rather than a naturalism, akin to surrealism, to the work of Kandinsky and to the gestural abstraction of the 1940s and 1950s, insofar as these were the manifestation of an inner necessity.
And in the process of this dissection, his procedures trigger an extraordinary slippage and a morphological spinning from gestural abstraction through a vast range of ever-multiplying yet proportionally ever-decreasing symmetrical ornamental structures (resulting from the doubling and the mirroring), eventually culminating, or rather, entropi- cally ending, m the unmarked, flattened, and extended patterns of pure linearity.
At first it appears as though one of Richter's by now "classic" gestural abstractions was merely subjected to a deceivingly simple series of mathematical partitions and multiplications, a progression not uncommon to painterly and sculptural operations since Judd's and LeWitt's Minimalism.
Other contributors, including David Josellt and Graham Bader, plumb the way gestural abstraction
and spontaneous mark-making are always already tied to systems of communication and exchange.
In this laconic and industrially streamlined work, in other words, Lichtenstein has managed not just to compress references to his own painting and that of contemporary gestural abstraction
, but to visualize the competing critical positions--of painting both domesticated and virile, mechanically regimented and unconsciously automatic, industrially flattened and oceanically deep--through which the medium was understood at the time.
In tandem with an independently organized retrospective at the Neuberger Museum of Art, Purchase College, State University of New York, this hometown survey of Fishman's fifty-year-long career features the painter's esteemed large-scale gestural abstractions
alongside a selection of intimate studio investigations--an assortment of miniature paintings, sketchbooks, and small sculptures--that share the same physicality and unapologetic emotional punch as her bigger, iconic works.
By then, he was again living in Princeton, had become a contributing editor of Artforum, and was on the way to addressing other color issues in gestural abstractions
executed in acrylics and gels.
The two groups comprise gestural abstractions
distinguished by com pulsiveness and distress, and all are marked by an interplay--invariably dramatic, often violent--of black and white.
IN AN ESPECIALLY COMPELLING SIGHT LINE offered by "Rosemarie Trockel: A Cosmos," one can simultaneously take in a humongous preserved lobster, a sleek, jet-engine-like aluminum sculpture by the somewhat-forgotten Parisian artist Ruth Francken, and three modest gestural abstractions
painted by an orangutan named Tilda.
Offering generic gestural abstractions
that read like attempts to (paradoxically) replicate the idea of "authentic" painting, this LA show also included treadmills, four brand-new machines axially aliened with the art as though facing flat-screen TVs at a fitness center.