Getulio Dornelles Vargas

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Vargas, Getulio Dornelles

 

Born Apr. 19, 1883, in Säo Borja; died Aug. 24, 1954, in Rio de Janeiro. Governmental and political figure of Brazil.

Vargas was chief executive and president from 1930 to 1945. Using anti-imperialist and nationalist slogans he succeeded in enlisting the support of part of the laboring masses and laid the foundation for social legislation; at the same time he cruelly suppressed revolutionary liberation, workers’, and communist movements. In 1937 he established the regime of the New State, which was modeled after the Italian corporate state, and outlawed all political parties. His main objective was to promote the development of Brazilian capitalism, especially of the state sector of industry. In foreign policy he maneuvered between the USA and Germany. In 1945 he founded the bourgeois reformist Brazilian Labor Party, allowed the activity of other parties, and established diplomatic relations with the USSR. In the same year he was swept from power by a coup d’etat. In 1950 he was again elected president, assuming the post in 1951. Vargas opened Brazil to private capital investments from the USA. At the same time he established several state national companies, such as Petrobras (state petroleum monopoly), which was founded in 1953. In May 1954, under the pressure of the popular masses, he doubled the minimum wages for workers and employees as compared to 1951. During the coup d’etat of August 1954, not being able to rely on the popular masses, Vargas committed suicide.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Brazilian Institute of Economics (Instituto Brasilieiro de Economia-IBRE) at Fundacao Getulio Vargas (FGV) was founded in 1951 to research, analyze, produce and disseminate macroeconomic statistics and applied studies.
A narrativa menciona a aproximacao de Jango com Getulio Vargas, como seu articulador no segundo mandato e, posteriormente, como Ministro do Trabalho do seu governo.
The violent demise of an important public figure such as Getulio Vargas is precisely the sort of phenomenon that historiography has tended to privilege.
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Rose's One of the Forgotten Things: Getulio Vargas and Brazilian Social Control, 1930-1954.
The figure of Getulio Vargas continues to cast a long shadow over the history of twentieth-century Brazil.
Brazil had experienced a long period of dictatorship under Getulio Vargas, who took power in a revolution in 1930, was ousted in 1945, and won election as president in 1951, only to commit suicide in 1954.
Forever pushing the outer limits of parody and pastiche, the television personality and humorist now, in O homem que matou Getulio Vargas, takes on more recent world figures and events, all dating from the half-century leading up to the title character's 1954 suicide.
ao Getulio Vargas are developing a Corporate International Master's (CIM) degree program with plans to begin in spring 2013.
According to the Getulio Vargas Foundation, its confidence index put consumer confidence nationwide at 80.
It is guided by the Alliances for Content , with FGV Fundacao Getulio Vargas and ESPM Escola Superior de Propaganda e Marketing , it has an ample network of Domestic and International Strategic Partners.
It's an opportunity for Brazil to show that it's not just interested in the BRICS but that it is betting on integration and what benefits the region," said Oliver Stuenkel, foreign relations professor at the Getulio Vargas Foundation.