Ghulam


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Ghulam

 

(Arabic; literally, youth or slave). (1) A slave in Muslim countries during the Middle Ages.

(2)Permanent mounted guard in the Abbasid Caliphate, created under Caliph Mamun (ruled 813–833) and recruited from young slaves, primarily of Turkish origin, who were purchased and brought from abroad. The term ghulam (synonym, Mamluk) was retained for the soldiers of the court guards in other medieval Muslim states.

(3)Rank and file soldiers in the feudal militia in the Ottoman Empire during the Middle Ages.

(4)Guardsmen-slaves of Turkish origin in the Delhi Sultanate (India) and the sultans of Delhi between 1206 and the 1290’s, who came from among the commanders of these guardsmen.

References in periodicals archive ?
ISLAMABAD -- Ghulam Khan Check post in North Waziristan agency is being opened tomorrow for bilateral trade between Pakistan and Afghanistan.
PESHAWAR: The opening of Ghulam Khan border between Pakistan and Afghanistan was delayed yet again for anindefinite time period on Wednesday.
Jamaluddin Pathan, Aijaz Soomro, Mumtaz Mangi, Ghulam Shabbir Phulpoto, Nazeer Mangnejo, Manzoor Channa were lucky to get a chance to perform Umrah.
PESHAWAR -- The Ghulam Khan route in North Waziristan Agency will be opened for bilateral trade between Pakistan and Afghanistan for 15 days on trial basis from March 7, an official said.
Rawalpindi Arts Council (RAC) to witness the paintings of pride of performance and former Executive Punjab Council of Arts, Ghulam Mustafa.
ISLAMABAD:The illegally detained senior APHC leader, Ghulam Muhammad Khan Sopori in Indian occupied Kashmir has completed one year in jail despite court quashing his detention under draconian law, Public Safety Act (PSA), twice.
Srinagar -- In occupied Kashmir, Hurriyat leaders and organizations have paid glowing tributes to freedom leader, Ghulam Mohammad Bulla of Sopore on the eve of his 43rd martyrdom anniversary.
According to him, the land was grabbed by a man named Malik Ghulam Mehboob who he claimed enjoys the support of PML-N MPA Chaudhry Sarfraz Afzal.
Twelve investigators from the Home Office burst into the Noor Indian takeaway in Edinburgh and ordered Ghulam Hussain, 44 and his daughter Sana, 19, to close.
Speaker LA Sardar Ghulam Sadiq Khan who chaired the session administered oath to 48 MLAs.
But Huddersfield businessman Ghulam Rasool is finally close to realising his dream.
16 ( ANI ): Famous Ghazal singer Ghulam Ali's house was swept clean by robbers in an armed heist in Lahore, in the late hours of Monday.