10) On senso comme, see also Pierre Girard's Giambattista Vico
The cycloramic view of world history in Finnegans Wake calls to mind the well-known influence of Giambattista Vico
, who argued in Scienza Nuova that civilization is but a recurring cycle and has therefore become the progenitor of the unconventional structure of Joyce's novel, journeying on the river Liffey as the reader's cicerone.
At roughly the same time as Locke, Giambattista Vico
was proposing a "new science" of history based on the study of human institutions.
WHEN GIAMBATTISTA VICO
died in 1744, his funeral degenerated into a public controversy as the faculty of the University of Naples, where he taught, and members of the Confraternity of Santa Sofia, to which he had belonged, argued over which group should provide the pallbearers.
Indeed, Said's intellectual development can be traced, though not grossly reduced to his affiliations with a wide range of figures, intellectuals, and critics including the philologists Erich Auerbach and Giambattista Vico
, as well as the work of cultural critics such as Georg Lukacs, Raymond Williams, Theodor Adorno, and to a lesser extent the eccentric modernist literary critic R.
Benedetti reconstructs the stages and the routes of the complex itinerary of the Tabula in Italian culture from the fifteenth to the eighteenth century: the textual and linguistic rediscovery, the first translations from Greek into Latin, the interpretation of the work by humanists, the poetic versions and prose vulgarizations in academic circles and in those of the courtiers, and the cultural and literary assimilation from the Cinquecento to the literary rendition of Giambattista Vico
It was Giambattista Vico
who first noted that human beings are fallible creators who continually seek truth and goodness -- who do tend toward (but never attain) the infinite perfection of God.
Said also offers major reconsiderations of writers and artists such as George Orwell, Giambattista Vico
, Georg Lukacs, E M Cioran, Naguib Mahfouz, Herman Melville, Joseph Conrad, Antonio Gramsci and Raymond Williams.
By the late seventeenth century and early eighteenth century critics such as Pierre Bayle and Giambattista Vico
both argued against as well as attempted to remedy what they viewed as the politicization of truth.
The former view can be traced to the Italian philosopher, Giambattista Vico
, who was born shortly after the death of Descartes but not before Cartesian rationalism had begun to sweep Europe.
He concludes with a brief chapter on the period since the Enlightenment that examines the writings of Giambattista Vico
, Gotthold Lessing, and Johann Gottfried Herder.
spoke of a barbarism of the intellect that confuses concept with reality (speech with action?