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Gibeon(gĭb`ēən), ancient town, 5 mi (8 km) NNW of Jerusalem. The Book of Joshua relates that its inhabitants established a treaty with the invading Israelites, resulting in their servitude to Israel. According to legend, the sun stood still in Gibeon while Israel battled the AmoritesAmorites
, a people of Canaan. There is evidence of them in Babylonia, where in the 19th cent. B.C. they established under their patronage the first dynasty at Babylon. The most powerful king of this dynasty, Hammurabi, put an end (18th cent. B.C.
..... Click the link for more information. . Modern excavations there have discovered a water system, perhaps referred to in Second Samuel and Jeremiah. See GibbarGibbar
, in the Book of Ezra, family that returned with Zerubbabel. In a similar list in the Book of Nehemiah, Gibeon appears instead; therefore, Gibbar may stand for Gibeon, and the children of Gibbar are then Gibeonites.
..... Click the link for more information. .
See studies by J. B. Pritchard (1962, 1964) and J. Blenkinsopp (1972).
an ancient town of Palestine: the excavated site thought to be its remains lies about 9 kilometres (6 miles) northwest of Jerusalem