Gibson Desert


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Related to Gibson Desert: Great Sandy Desert, Spencer Gulf

Gibson Desert

a desert in W central Australia, between the Great Sandy Desert and the Victoria Desert: salt marshes, salt lakes, and scrub. Area: about 220 000 sq. km (85 000 sq. miles)

Gibson Desert

 

a desert in western Australia between the Great Sandy Desert to the north and the Great Victoria Desert to the south.

The surface of the Gibson Desert is a plateau (elevation, 300-500 m) formed from Precambrian rocks and covered with rock debris. It is a product of the destruction of an ancient ferruginous carapace. There are remnant mountain ridges of granite and sandstone rising to 762 m in the east and salt marshes in the west. Precipitation is less than 250 mm a year and very irregular. There are sparse undergrowths of shrub acacia, oraches, and spinifex. There is extensive pasture cattle raising. The Gibson Desert was discovered in 1873 by an English expedition led by E. Giles and was named after amember of the expedition, A. Gibson.

References in periodicals archive ?
The first reference to this type of sandal was made in 1898 by the explorer, David Carnegie (1998:234), who collected one of a worn-out pair found while seeking water north of Patience Well in the Gibson Desert and approximately 300 km east of Lake Disappointment.
Davidson limited the distribution of this type of footwear to a small area of the Gibson Desert.
Davidson (1947:116-18) described the use of such footwear as restricted to the southern sections of the Northern Territory and from South Australia, west of Lake Eyre, extending into Western Australia; in Western Australia the use of the kadaitcha shoe was limited to the Gibson Desert, extending south-east into the Eastern Goldfields region and north-east into the northern Pilbara.
Elsewhere they are called jina wipia ('foot-feather') by the Manjiljara of the Gibson Desert, and multjara and jina wipia by the southern Western Desert peoples.