Gideon v. Wainwright


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Gideon v. Wainwright,

case decided in 1963 by the U.S. Supreme Court. Clarence Earl Gideon was convicted of a felony in a Florida court. He had defended himself after being denied a request for free counsel. The Supreme Court, in overturning his conviction, held that the right to counsel, guaranteed in federal trials by the Sixth Amendment to the Constitution, is fundamental to a fair trial. State failure to provide counsel for a defendant charged with a felony violated the due process clause of the Fourteenth AmendmentFourteenth Amendment,
addition to the U.S. Constitution, adopted 1868. The amendment comprises five sections. Section 1

Section 1 of the amendment declares that all persons born or naturalized in the United States are American citizens and citizens of their state
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 to the Constitution. The decision was one of many by the Supreme Court under Chief Justice Earl Warren that protected the rights of accused criminals and extended the guarantees in the Bill of Rights to state actions. The holding was expanded in 1972 to require counsel for any defendant who would spend even one day in jail if found guilty.

Bibliography

See A. Lewis, Gideon's Trumpet (1964).

Gideon v. Wainwright

established right of all defendants to counsel (1963). [Am. Hist.: Van Doren, 585]
See: Justice
References in periodicals archive ?
Sanneh, Fifty Years of Defiance and Resistance After Gideon v.
Clearly, the most interesting and most memorable experience of my career and my life, however, was being the lawyer for our state in Gideon v.
For a longer article about this case, see Bruce Jacob, Memories of and Reflections about Gideon v.
8) Of the oral argument that Fortas made, let me note that in his memoirs, Justice Douglas, writing some years later, said that in all the years he had sat on the Supreme Court--he was on the Supreme Court thirty-six years--Douglas said that the best oral argument he heard during the years he sat on the Court was Fortas' argument in Gideon v.
After the Supreme Court decision I recognized that it would be, as I wrote then, an enormous social task to bring to life the dream of Gideon v.
Now I want to change the subject slightly and simply remind you that on this, the 40th anniversary of the decision in Gideon v.
On this Web site, there is a link to listen to the complete three hours of oral argument in Gideon v.
Generations of lawyers can cite from memory the case that holds the trial judge's ruling is wrong: Gideon v.
One peculiar fact is that none of the lawyers ever worked on a case titled Gideon v.