Kikuyu

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Kikuyu

(kĭko͞o`yo͞o), Bantu-speaking people, numbering about 6 million, forming the largest tribal group in Kenya. The Kikuyu live in the highlands NE of Nairobi. Before the British conquest they were the most influential people in the country. During the 1950s, under the leadership of Jomo KenyattaKenyatta, Jomo
, 1893?–1978, African political leader, first president of Kenya (1964–78). A Kikuyu, he was one of the earliest and best-known African nationalist leaders.
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, the Kikuyu fought the British colonialists in what was known as the Mau Mau Emergency. Although the Kikuyu traditionally lived in separate family homesteads, most were moved into villages during the rebellion. After the removal of the colonists, a large number chose to remain in the villages. The Kikuyu economy centers mainly around agriculture, with little or no hunting or fishing.

Bibliography

See H. E. Lambert, Kikuyu Social and Political Institutions (1956, repr. 1965); R. M. Gatheru, Child of Two Worlds (1964, repr. 1972); J. Davison, Voices from Mutira (1989).

Kikuyu

 

(Akikuyu, Giguyu), a people inhabiting central Kenya. They number 2.2 million (1969, census) and speak the Kikuyu language. The Meru (554,000), Embu (118,000), and Mbere (49,000) are related to the Kikuyu in language and culture. According to legend the Kikuyu came from the east (northeast of the Tan River) about the 16th century. Christianity is widespread, along with traditional beliefs. The Kikuyu are mainly agriculturalists, raising coffee for export. A working class is emerging, and the ranks of the national bourgeoisie and intelligentsia are growing.

REFERENCES

Middleton, J. The Central Tribes of the North-Eastern Bantu (The Kikuyu . . . ). London, 1953.
Kenyatta, J. Facing Mount Kenya. New York, 1962.

Kikuyu

 

(Giguyu), the language of the Kikuyu people of central Kenya. Kikuyu, a Bantu language, is spoken by 2.7 million people (1970, estimate). The phonetic system is characterized by interdental consonants: voiced ð and voiceless λ; the Dahl law of the dissimilation of consonants is applicable to Kikuyu. A characteristic morphological feature is the relatively complete system of nominal classes (16). The class prefixes are monosyllabic. In addition to the three conventional locative classes with the prefixes pa-, ku-, and mu-, the locative prefix e- is used. Word order is subject-predicate-object, and class agreement is strictly observed at the syntactic level.

REFERENCES

Doke, C. M. Bantu: Modern Grammatical, Phonetical and Lexicographical Studies Since 1860. London, 1945.
Armstrong, L. Phonetic and Tonal Structure of Kikuyu. London, 1940.
Gecaga, B. M., and W. H. Kirkaldy-Willis. English-Kikuyu and Kikuyu-English Vocabulary. Nairobi-Kampala, 1956.
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Wright enfatiza o desconhecimento da populacao mais jovem, agora influenciada pela educacao formal, em relacao aos saberes dos mais velhos, ja que a flor notada pelo aluno de Munira tem importAncia fundamental na cultura Gikuyu, uma vez que e a base da bebida Theng'eta.
MAINA WA MUTONYA, "The Politics of Everyday Life in Gikuyu Popular Music of Kenya (1990-2000)", tesis de doctorado, University of Witwatersrand, 2006.
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Whether describing Ngugi's use of Gikuyu or Sallach's conceptualization of alternatives, Allott's championing of highest expectations or Fraser's crusade for justice, La Via Campesina's model of food sovereignty or the World Social Forum's practice of participatory democracy, each effort amounts to an act of resistance that aims to challenge a perceived hegemonic situation.
As the editor of the Gikuyu language journal Mutiiri, I have published the Gikuyu translations of some of the poetry of Ariel Dorfman and Otto Rene Castillo.
His struggle with languages, both his native language Gikuyu and English, supports the argument of how to transform English into "english.
The Gikuyu people of Kenya have it that humanity was created in the form of a man and a woman, that is, Gikuyu and Mumbi, respectively.
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Nicholls (English, University of Leeds) considers the evolution of the work of male Gikuyu author Ngugi wa Thiong'o in terms of the women he presents.
In December 1977, Ngugi was arrested because of Ngaahika Ndeenda (3), a play in Gikuyu language critical of the regime, and performed at Kamiriithu, near Nairobi, by peasants and workers.
Wa Thiongo would in his crusade for the exclusive use of African languages in African literature go as far as abandoning English in favour of his native Gikuyu.
Turning to Ngugi, who is usually situated within a colonial/anti-colonial frame of reference, Mathuray gives force to the religious syncreticism, Gikuyu and Christian, which is evident in the work.