Gilaki

Gilaki

 

a people of Iran who live along the southern coast of the Caspian Sea. Population, approximately 1.3 million (1970, estimate). They speak Gilaki, a western Iranian language, and their religion is Muslim-Shiah. The primary occupation of the Gilaki is farming, which in the coastal regions is supplemented by fishing and in the mountain areas by cattle raising and forestry.

REFERENCE

Narody Perednei Azii. Moscow, 1957.
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They are Azeris, Kurds, Lurs, Qashqai'is, Ahwazis, Arabs, Balouchis, Turkmens, Afsharis, Gilaki and Mazandaranis.
Moreover, Judeo-Tat shares many words with other Iranian languages, particularly with the Caspian languages of Gilaki and Mazandarani, which may have been in contact with Dagestan via maritime in the Caspian Sea.
There are a variety of Aash or the traditional type of soup with vegetables and meat stock such as, Aash-e-kalam, Aash-e-kadu, Aash-e gilaki, Aash-e- aloo, torsh Aash etc.
Other spoken languages are Gilaki, Mazandarani, Azeri, Kurdish, Balochi, and Arabic (Library of Congress Federal Research Division, 2008).
Others include Persian, Azeri, Baluchi, Turkmen, Kurd, Gilaki, Mazandarani, Armenian, Assyrian, and Jewish ethnic groups.
The entire Persian territory is surrounded by minorities; Azerbaijanis in northwest, Kurds on the west, Arabs on southeast, Gilaki, Mazendaranis on the North, Turkmens and Kurdish enclaves in the northeast and Baluches in the southeast.
5) Borrowing an adversative marker has been observed for other language pairs, such as the clause initial marker amma from Arabic in Dargi and other Caucasian languages, mentioned in Van den Berg (2004:204) and Jeschull (2004:262), and in three western Iranian languages, Vafsi, Persian and Gilaki, mentioned in Stilo (2004: 272).
Persian 53%, Azeri Turkic and Turkic dialects 18%, Kurdish 10%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 7%, Luri 6%, Balochi 2%, Arabic 2%, other 2%.
Iran's minorities also include Kurds on the western border, as well as Arabs, Gilaki, Mazandarani, Baloch, Turkmen and some Christians.
Ethnic groups: Persian 51%, Azeri 24%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 8%, Arab 3%, Lur 2%, Balcoch 2%, Turkmen 2%, other 1% Religions: Muslim 98% (Shi' a 89%, Sunni 9%), other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Baha'i) 2% Languages: Persian and Persian dialects 58%, Turkic and Turkic dialects 26%, Kurdish 9%, Luri 2%, Arabic 1%, Turkish 1%, other 2% Sources: U.
Iran's diverse population of 70 million--51 percent Persian, 24 percent Azeri, 8 percent Gilaki and Mazandarani, 7 percent Kurd, and smaller percentages of Arabs, Lurs, Baluchis, and Turkmen--has doubled since 1979.