1859–1934, American architect, b. Zanesville, Ohio, studied at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and in Europe. In 1880 he entered the employ of McKim, Mead, and White, New York City, and three years later opened his own office in St. Paul, Minn. He returned in 1899 to New York, where he became widely known for the design of the Woolworth Building (1913). This 60-story office building, with its Gothic trim, exerted considerable influence in its time on the development of the skyscraperskyscraper, modern building of great height, constructed on a steel skeleton. The form originated in the United States. Development of the Form
Many mechanical and structural developments in the last quarter of the 19th cent. contributed to its evolution. .....Click the link for more information.. Among Gilbert's other conspicuous works are the New York Life Insurance Company Building and the Federal Courts Building, New York City; the U.S. Treasury Annex, the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, and the Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C.; and public libraries in Detroit, St. Louis, and New Haven, Conn. He was consulting architect for the George Washington Bridge.
Designed the Woolworth Building, New York City, which was the tallest building in America for 17 years. It was ornamented with Gothic details. He also won the commission for the Minnesota State Capitol in Minneapolis, MN in 1903 and for the U.S. Customs House, New York City, in 1907.
(1859–1934) architect; born in Zanesville, Ohio. Trained in St. Paul, Minn., and at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, he worked with McKim, Mead and White (1880–82) and James Knox Taylor in St. Paul (1884–92). In New York (1900–30) he became known for Americanized beaux arts designs, including the U.S. Custom House (1899–1907) and the Woolworth Building (1908–13). He was president of the American Institute of Architects (1908–09) and the National Academy of Design (1926–33).