Gilbert Islands


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Gilbert Islands,

group of 16 islands, central Pacific, one of the island groups that form the Republic of KiribatiKiribati
, officially Republic of Kiribati (2005 est. pop. 103,000), 342 sq mi (886 sq km), consisting of 33 islands scattered across 2,400 mi (3,860 km) of the Pacific Ocean near the equator.
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. The group includes TarawaTarawa
, atoll (1990 pop. 28,802), capital of Kiribati, central Pacific, previously capital of the former British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands. The administrative center of the atoll is Bairiki island.
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, ButaritariButaritari
, also known as Makin , triangular atoll (4.5 sq mi/11.7 sq km; 1990 pop. 3,786), central Pacific, in the Gilbert Islands and part of the Republic of Kiribati. The town of Butaritari on the southernmost islet is a port of entry.
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, Makin, Little Makin, Marakei, Abaiang, Maiana, Abemama, Kuria, and Aranuka in the north; Nonouti and Tabiteuea in the central region; and Beru, Nikunau, Onotoa, Tamana, and Arorae in the south. The total land area is 102 sq mi (260 sq km). The equator runs through the center of the group. Nikunau was explored by British Commodore John ByronByron, John,
1723–86, British vice admiral and explorer. Sailing in 1740 with Admiral George Anson on a voyage around the world, he was shipwrecked off Chile. His Narrative of Great Distresses on the Shores of Patagonia
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 in 1765; other islands were explored by captains Thomas Gilbert and John Marshall in 1788, and the remainder were visited between 1799 and 1824. The British made the islands a protectorate in 1892 and a colony in 1915–16. Tarawa, Butaritari, Abaiang, Marakei, and Abemama were occupied by the Japanese in 1941 and liberated by U.S. forces in 1943.

Gilbert Islands

 

an island group in the western Pacific Ocean, in Micronesia (extending from 3°17’ N lat. to 2°38’ S lat.). They are part of the British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands. There are 16 coral atolls. Area, 260 sq km. Population, 44,000 (1968). The administrative center is Tarawa. The climate is equatorial, hot and humid, although the southern and sometimes the central islands are subject to drought. Natural vegetation consists of bushes. Coconut palms, vegetables, and fruits are raised. The Gilbert Islands were discovered by English naval officers between 1764 and 1824. They were named in honor of Captain J. Gilbert, who visited them in 1788.

References in periodicals archive ?
So Karnauskas and Cohen combined the global models with a fine-scale regional model that provided sharper details of what might happen in the future around the Gilbert Islands.
The I-Kiribati people settled what would become known as the Gilbert Islands between 1000 and 1300 AD.
I deduced that Davidson was a missionary in the Gilbert Islands from the information given in the story: the Davidsons' islands were of low coral, widely separated, ten days' journey north of Samoa.
His 26ft wooden pedal boat Moksha is currently on Tarawa in the Gilbert Islands, where he landed last July after a 2,200-mile solo voyage from Hawaii.
Formerly the British colony of the Gilbert Islands, Kiribati used to straddle the dateline - until its president decided to wrap the dateline around all the islands and put the whole lot ahead of GMT.
Navy veteran of World War II, he served in the Pacific aboard the escort carrier, USS GILBERT ISLANDS (CVE 107) and participated in the battles of Okinawa and Balikpapan, Borneo.
Members of the Catholic faith are concentrated in the northern islands of the Gilbert islands group, while Protestants are the majority in the southern islands of the Gilbert group.
After a break in Britain, he is returning to the United States in a bid to set up the on-board technology in time for the voyage's re-start from the Gilbert Islands in the spring.
We have had artists, educators, quilters, an Iraqi war vet, goat herders, and a Peace Corps volunteer telling her story of working in the Gilbert Islands," said Ms.
Then he pedalled solo the next 2,200 sea miles to Tarawa in the Gilbert Islands after Steve left the expedition, having tired of the nomadic lifestyle.
According to the suit, the husband of 78-year-old Lee Kim Ju, head of the plaintiffs group, was conscripted in September 1942 and died in battle on the Tarawa Island of the Gilbert Islands in the southern Pacific in November 1943 at age 24.
Jason Lewis, aged 31, from Bridport, Dorset, landed his pounds 26,000 craft Moksha on Tarawa atoll in the Gilbert Islands 73 days after leaving Hawaii, said a spokesman for his Pedal for the Planet expedition.