Gilbert Islands

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Gilbert Islands,

group of 16 islands, central Pacific, one of the island groups that form the Republic of KiribatiKiribati
, officially Republic of Kiribati (2005 est. pop. 103,000), 342 sq mi (886 sq km), consisting of 33 islands scattered across 2,400 mi (3,860 km) of the Pacific Ocean near the equator.
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. The group includes TarawaTarawa
, atoll (1990 pop. 28,802), capital of Kiribati, central Pacific, previously capital of the former British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands. The administrative center of the atoll is Bairiki island.
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, ButaritariButaritari
, also known as Makin , triangular atoll (4.5 sq mi/11.7 sq km; 1990 pop. 3,786), central Pacific, in the Gilbert Islands and part of the Republic of Kiribati. The town of Butaritari on the southernmost islet is a port of entry.
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, Makin, Little Makin, Marakei, Abaiang, Maiana, Abemama, Kuria, and Aranuka in the north; Nonouti and Tabiteuea in the central region; and Beru, Nikunau, Onotoa, Tamana, and Arorae in the south. The total land area is 102 sq mi (260 sq km). The equator runs through the center of the group. Nikunau was explored by British Commodore John ByronByron, John,
1723–86, British vice admiral and explorer. Sailing in 1740 with Admiral George Anson on a voyage around the world, he was shipwrecked off Chile. His Narrative of Great Distresses on the Shores of Patagonia
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 in 1765; other islands were explored by captains Thomas Gilbert and John Marshall in 1788, and the remainder were visited between 1799 and 1824. The British made the islands a protectorate in 1892 and a colony in 1915–16. Tarawa, Butaritari, Abaiang, Marakei, and Abemama were occupied by the Japanese in 1941 and liberated by U.S. forces in 1943.

Gilbert Islands

 

an island group in the western Pacific Ocean, in Micronesia (extending from 3°17’ N lat. to 2°38’ S lat.). They are part of the British colony of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands. There are 16 coral atolls. Area, 260 sq km. Population, 44,000 (1968). The administrative center is Tarawa. The climate is equatorial, hot and humid, although the southern and sometimes the central islands are subject to drought. Natural vegetation consists of bushes. Coconut palms, vegetables, and fruits are raised. The Gilbert Islands were discovered by English naval officers between 1764 and 1824. They were named in honor of Captain J. Gilbert, who visited them in 1788.

References in classic literature ?
It was bad enough to be singled out for punishment from among a dozen equally guilty ones; it was worse still to be sent to sit with a boy, but that that boy should be Gilbert Blythe was heaping insult on injury to a degree utterly unbearable.
But as Anne never lifted her head and as Gilbert worked fractions as if his whole soul was absorbed in them and them only, they soon returned to their own tasks and Anne was forgotten.
She learned her lessons at home, did her chores, and played with Diana in the chilly purple autumn twilights; but when she met Gilbert Blythe on the road or encountered him in Sunday school she passed him by with an icy contempt that was no whit thawed by his evident desire to appease her.
As much as she hated Gilbert, however, did she love Diana, with all the love of her passionate little heart, equally intense in its likes and dislikes.
Thy eggs are cracked, Gilbert," quoth Robin, laughing; and straightway he loosed a shaft, and once more smote the white circle of the center.
Thus it happened presently that the yeomen, to whom Gilbert stood talking, were all surrounded by a crowd of people that formed a ring about them.
Then up spake Robin, and quoth he, "This silver bugle I keep in honor of this shooting match; but thou, Gilbert, art the best archer of all the King's guard, and to thee I freely give this purse of gold.
The ball was first made by William Gilbert, and the shape, weight and aerodynamics developed over the decades as generations of Gilberts continued to run the family business.
Finally, there was the case of another American singer-actress, Nancy McIntosh, who lived with the Gilberts until Mrs.
The two Gilberts share this: They wanted the best for little Derek, all the time, even if he didn't always know it.
THOUSAND OAKS - Jack Gilbert, chairman of the board of TOLD Corp.
New York City's rent-stabilized owners are in need of a new leader as John Gilbert, III, president of the Rent Stabilization Association, prepares to take a position at Rudin Management Company.