Gioacchino Volpe

Volpe, Gioacchino

 

Born Feb. 16, 1876, in Paganica, Aquila Province. Italian historian. General secretary of the Italian Royal Academy (1929-34).

In early 20th-century Italian historiography Volpe created and stood at the head of the so-called economic-juridical school, which engaged in studies, for the most part, of medieval history. His fundamental works dealt with the history of the Italian Middle Ages (the communal period, heretical movements, etc.). Volpe also wrote a number of works on the period of the Risorgimento. He attached himself to the fascists and became their ideologist in historiography when they came to power in 1922. The official fascist version of the history of modern Italy is most fully reflected in the book Italy on the Way (1927), in which Volpe depicts fascism as the last logical link in the unification of Italy. After World War II he revised and extended the book, publishing it under the title Modern Italy.

WORKS

Questioni fondamentali sull’origine e svolglimento del comuni italiani. Pisa, 1905.
Movimenti religiosi e sette ereticali nella società medievale italiana, 2nd ed. Florence [1926].
Storici e maestri…. Florence [1924].
La storia deglï Italiani e dell’Italia, 4th ed. [Milan, 1940.]

IU. P. LISOVSKH

References in periodicals archive ?
Thus, early in this century, Gaetano Salvemini and Gioacchino Volpe saw in the church-state conflicts of the communal period of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries promising anticipations of the development of a modern, sovereign secular state.