Giordano Bruno


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Giordano Bruno
BirthplaceNola, Kingdom of Naples, in present-day Italy
Died

Bruno, Giordano

(jōrdä`nō bro͞o`nō), 1548–1600, Italian philosopher, b. Nola. The son of a professional soldier, he entered the Dominican order early in his youth and was ordained a priest in 1572, but he was accused of heresy and fled (c.1576) to take up a career of study and travel. He taught briefly at several cities including Toulouse, Paris, Oxford, and Wittenberg, but, personally restless and in constant opposition to the traditional schools, he found no permanent post. He was particularly known for his prodigious memory, and at times taught mnemonic technique. His major metaphysical works, De la causa, principio, et uno (1584, tr. The Infinite in Giordano Bruno, 1950) and De l'infinito, universo et mondi (1584), were published in France. Further works appeared in England and Germany. Bruno also wrote satire and poetry. In 1591 he returned to Venice, where he was tried for heresy by the Inquisition. After further trial and imprisonment at Rome, he was burned to death.

Bruno challenged all dogmatism, including that of the church-sanctioned Aristotelian physics and earth-centered cosmology as well as the controversial Copernican cosmology, the main tenets of which, however, he upheld. He believed that our perception of the world is relative to the position in space and time from which we view it and that there are as many possible modes of viewing the world as there are possible positions. Therefore we cannot postulate absolute truth or any limit to the progress of knowledge. The first to enunciate what is now called the cosmic theory, he pictured the world as composed of individual elements of being, governed by fixed laws of relationship. These elements, called monads, were in constant motion, ultimate, and irreducible and were based on a pantheistic infinite principle, or cause, or Deity, manifest in us and in all the world. Bruno's influence on later philosophy, especially that of SpinozaSpinoza, Baruch or Benedict
, 1632–77, Dutch philosopher, b. Amsterdam. Spinoza's Life

He belonged to the community of Jews from Spain and Portugal who had fled the Inquisition.
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 and LeibnizLeibniz or Leibnitz, Gottfried Wilhelm, Baron von
, 1646–1716, German philosopher and mathematician, b. Leipzig.
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, was profound, and he is widely considered a forerunner of modern science.

Bibliography

See biography by I. D. Rowland (2008); P. H. Michel, The Cosmology of Giordano Bruno (tr. 1973); S. Drake, Copernicus—Philosophy and Science: Bruno—Kepler—Galileo (1973); F. A. Yates, Lull and Bruno (1982).

References in periodicals archive ?
Keywords: Anaxagoras, Giordano Bruno, intelligent cause, immanence.
I) Giordano Bruno da Nola (1548-1600) expuso precisa y radicalmente el nucleo de la cosmovision hegemonica durante trescientos anos.
More than four hundred years have passed since the day on which Giordano Bruno made his voice heard in the Sorbonne of Paris, expostulating his theories.
Borges dedica especial atencion entre los autores que cita a Giordano Bruno pero, extranamente, no menciona a Nicolas de Cusa, el teologo, filosofo y cientifico aleman cuyo nombre aparece tan cercanamente ligado al de Bruno por los biografos de ambos.
Parata di Campanille, de Achille Campanile; Cosmogonia, de Enrico Frattaroli; Isabel, tres carabelas y un charlatan, de Dario Fo; El servidor de dos patrones, de Carlo Goldoni; Los enganados, texto de la Academia de los "Atolondrados" de Siena; Cuatro estaciones y Antonio Luciuo, la musica de Dios, de Renato Giordano y Samuel Maynez, y El proceso de Giordano Bruno, de Mario Moretti, son algunos de los trabajos presentados por la Compagnia Italia a lo largo de estos 10 anos.
Thus, while the protagonists one might expect to find, Giordano Bruno and Baruch Spinoza for example, are present but Hecht also finds time to discuss the sometimes overlooked doubts of characters such as Jesus, Augustine, and Martin Luther.
ABSTRACT: Il testo viene pubblicato per gentile concessione della casa editrice ESI ed e' tratto dal libro di Stefano Ulliana "Il concetto creativo e dialettico dello Spirito nei Dialoghi Italiani di Giordano Bruno.
Forty years later, Giordano Bruno, in a futile effort to clarify his views before his Venetian Inquisitors, remarked as follows: "I have held and believed that there is a distinct Godhead in the Father, in the Word, and in Love, which is the Divine Spirit; and in Essence these three are one; but I have never been able to grasp the three really being Persons and have doubted it.
Gingerich finds that copies were once on the shelves of such people as John Maynard Keynes and Saint Aloysius Gonzaga, as well as King George II of England and the philosopher Giordano Bruno.
La presente contribucion historica asumira, como su punto de partida, la profesion, por Filippo Giordano Bruno de Nola (1548-1600), el egregio filosofo italiano, del principio metafisico de plenitud (cr.
Giordano Bruno called himself "The awakener of sleeping souls," and went through life like a sword of the sun; but his reward was to be burned in the physical flame that is the parallel of the spiritual flame.
Giordano Bruno, radical philosopher, sometime monk, poet and playwright, Renaissance memory-man and admirer of Elizabeth I, went to the stake for his ideas 400 years ago.