Giordano Bruno


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Giordano Bruno
BirthplaceNola, Kingdom of Naples, in present-day Italy
Died

Bruno, Giordano

(jōrdä`nō bro͞o`nō), 1548–1600, Italian philosopher, b. Nola. The son of a professional soldier, he entered the Dominican order early in his youth and was ordained a priest in 1572, but he was accused of heresy and fled (c.1576) to take up a career of study and travel. He taught briefly at several cities including Toulouse, Paris, Oxford, and Wittenberg, but, personally restless and in constant opposition to the traditional schools, he found no permanent post. He was particularly known for his prodigious memory, and at times taught mnemonic technique. His major metaphysical works, De la causa, principio, et uno (1584, tr. The Infinite in Giordano Bruno, 1950) and De l'infinito, universo et mondi (1584), were published in France. Further works appeared in England and Germany. Bruno also wrote satire and poetry. In 1591 he returned to Venice, where he was tried for heresy by the Inquisition. After further trial and imprisonment at Rome, he was burned to death.

Bruno challenged all dogmatism, including that of the church-sanctioned Aristotelian physics and earth-centered cosmology as well as the controversial Copernican cosmology, the main tenets of which, however, he upheld. He believed that our perception of the world is relative to the position in space and time from which we view it and that there are as many possible modes of viewing the world as there are possible positions. Therefore we cannot postulate absolute truth or any limit to the progress of knowledge. The first to enunciate what is now called the cosmic theory, he pictured the world as composed of individual elements of being, governed by fixed laws of relationship. These elements, called monads, were in constant motion, ultimate, and irreducible and were based on a pantheistic infinite principle, or cause, or Deity, manifest in us and in all the world. Bruno's influence on later philosophy, especially that of SpinozaSpinoza, Baruch or Benedict
, 1632–77, Dutch philosopher, b. Amsterdam. Spinoza's Life

He belonged to the community of Jews from Spain and Portugal who had fled the Inquisition.
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 and LeibnizLeibniz or Leibnitz, Gottfried Wilhelm, Baron von
, 1646–1716, German philosopher and mathematician, b. Leipzig.
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, was profound, and he is widely considered a forerunner of modern science.

Bibliography

See biography by I. D. Rowland (2008); P. H. Michel, The Cosmology of Giordano Bruno (tr. 1973); S. Drake, Copernicus—Philosophy and Science: Bruno—Kepler—Galileo (1973); F. A. Yates, Lull and Bruno (1982).

References in periodicals archive ?
She pointed out that the Bruno family had to wait until February 18, 2000, exactly 400 years later, for Cardinal Angelo Sodarno, undersecretary of state of the Vatican, to express the "deep regret" of the Catholic Church for its death sentence against Giordano Bruno, which Sodarno referred to as "a terrible death" and "a sad episode in recent Christian history.
In effetti io non credo che Giordano Bruno abbia congegnato la commedia in modo tale che noi davvero dovessimo comprendere tutte le parole contenutevi, ne credo che per apprezzare le qualita specifiche del testo sia necessario incaponirsi su ogni singolo elemento di una massa verbale inestricabile che va saettando dalla parlata popolare alle allusioni criptiche della lingua furfantesca, dal pedantesco di Mamfurio ai monologhi contorti come quello di Scaramure.
Atteone ricompare poi, sul chiudersi del secolo, in un'opera fondamentale come gli Eroici furori di Giordano Bruno (1585), a simboleggiare l'indagine filosofica intesa, appunto, come caccia alla "divina sapienza"(247-64).
Whoever might have wondered what Giordano Bruno actually knew, or could or should have known, about astronomy, here is the book that explains nearly everything in great detail.
The artist himself has stated that the series began with a work intended as an homage to Giordano Bruno, the Neapolitan philosopher who was burned alive for heresy in the Campo dei Fiori in Rome in 1600, following eight years of torture.
This paper argues for the continued relevancy of philosophical speculation (broadly conceived) in the sciences, using as its model the innovative mystico-theological cosmology of Giordano Bruno.
The cosmopolitan scope of this poetry, after years of intellectual starvation, surprises the reader, and its quotes and allusions make Salvador Dali, Cavafy, Borgese, Nietzsche, Giordano Bruno, Holderlin, Joyce, Cezanne, and others, intimate friends of these poets' universe.
With nearly 40 million mobile units sold over the past eight years, Bejeweled is the second best-selling mobile game of all time, behind only Tetris," noted Giordano Bruno Contestabile, Bejeweled franchise business director at PopCap Games.
The race features a number of interesting opponents including Giordano Bruno who has his first start for Philip Hobbs since finishing third in the Aintree champion bumper three years ago behind Sitting Tennant and Lidar.
Zombies for Android is one of our most widely anticipated mobile titles in recent memory," noted Giordano Bruno Contestabile, PopCap's senior director of global product and business strategy for mobile.
The themes are considered in relation to the following persons: Rashiduddin Fazlullah (1247-1318), Nicholas of Cusa (1401-64), Giordano Bruno (1548-1600), Fray Servando Teresa de Mier (1763-1827), Erich Auerbach (1892-1957), Hannah Arendt (1906-75), Zbigniew Herbert (1924-98), Italo Calvino (1923-85), Gao Xingjian (b.
These somewhat counterintuitive assertions--one tends to think of self-commentary as an attempt to control meaning, not free it--open the way to stimulating readings of six poets, Dante (Vita nuova and Convivio), Boccaccio (Teseida), Lorenzo il Magnifico (Comento de' miei sonetti), Girolamo Benivieni (Comento di Hieronymo Benivieni), Giordano Bruno (Gli eroici furori), and Tommaso Campanella (Scelta di alcune poesie filosofiche di Settimontano Squilla).