Giorgio Amendola


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Amendola, Giorgio

 

Born Nov. 21, 1907. Figure in the Italian workers’ movement. Son of Giovanni Amendola. Received advanced legal and economic education.

In 1929, Amendola joined the underground Communist Party (PCI). In 1930–31 he led the Neapolitan organization of the PCI. He was arrested in 1931 and spent five years in prison and exile; he then went to France. He was one of the leaders of the Italian communist groups in France and a member of the foreign bureau of the PCI. In 1943 he became a member of the Central Committee and of the leadership of the Communist Party. He was one of the organizers of the partisan struggle in Piedmont. After World War II he served as a deputy in all sessions of Parliament. He was a member of the Secretariat of the PCI from 1954 to 1966; in 1966 he became a member of the Politburo of the PCI. He is the author of works on the resistance movement, the workers’ movement, and problems in the development of southern Italy.

WORKS

La democrazia nel Mezzogiorno. Rome, 1957.
Classe operaia e programmazione democratica. Rome, 1966.
Il comunismo italiano nella seconda guerra mondiale. Rome, 1963.
Comunismo, antifascismo e Resistenza. [Rome,] 1967.
La classe operaia Italiana. Rome, 1968.
References in periodicals archive ?
Kuhn is indeed usually remembered only as the wife of Giovanni Amendola, a political leader and journalist and one of the most celebrated heroes of the early Italian anti-Fascist movement, and as the mother of Giorgio Amendola, one of the principal communist leaders of post-World War Two Italy.
As Giorgio Amendola writes in his 1976 memoir, Una scelta di vita, she appeared to her husband's petty-bourgeois southern family as "devastatrice, l'intrusa, la straniera" (7).
In Una scelta di vita, Giorgio Amendola gives us a candid but somewhat resentful portrait of his mother and of the unconventional life of the Amendola family in Rome before the First World War, when Eva became a Futurist and an interventionist:
As Giorgio Amendola comments dryly, "E una storia che indica il clima appassionato nel quale mia madre viveva e che dava allora alla vita della famiglia un tono agitato" (Scelta 22).
As Giorgio Amendola tells us in his memoir, during the Futurist-Fascist electoral campaign in which she took an active role, his mother came into contact with a group of working-class anarchists first in Milan and then in Rome, and struck up an involved and sympathetic conversation with some of them, which evolved into a fertile intellectual exchange and a long-lasting friendship (Scelta 43).
What Giorgio Amendola fails to mention in his memoir, however, is that he was probably allowed by Mussolini to escape to France only through the intervention of Marinetti, who had never forgotten his mother's generosity during his imprisonment.
Giorgio Amendola in his memoir remembers that in 1920-1922, when he was still a teenager, he would go with his mother to the Casa D'Arte Bragaglia in via Condotti (where the Bragaglias had their photography studio) and then Bragaglia's Teatro degli Avignonesi, one of the most lively centers not only for Futurist art, cinema and theater but also for other international avant-garde exhibits and performances, including Dadaist and surrealist works.
Giorgio Amendola, un comunista nazionale, dall 'infanzia alla guerra partigiana (1907-1945).
The song comes with an extraordinary music video, directed by Fabio Pellarin and Giorgio Amendola, which celebrates the UAE in a pure Italian style.
By 1951 Pietro Secchia, the leader of the "insurrectionists" in the party, had been effectively marginalized to be substituted by a large group of leaders, such as Giorgio Amendola, who had always favoured the parliamentary road to power.