Giosue Carducci


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Related to Giosue Carducci: Giovanni Pascoli

Carducci, Giosue

 

Born July 27, 1835, in Val di Castello, Tuscany; died Feb. 16, 1907, in Bologna. Italian poet.

The son of a doctor who was a Carbonarist, Carducci graduated from the secondary school in Pisa. In the 1860’s he supported G. Mazzini and G. Garibaldi. Later, when Italy was united, Carducci accepted the bourgeois monarchy. In the 1890’s he held the post of senator. As a poet, Carducci opposed the sentimental, religious works of the romantics and favored courageous and joyous poetry in the spirit of classicism. His narrative poem Hymn to Satan (published 1865) praises freedom, worldly pleasures, and the victory of human reason over religion. In his most significant collection, Iambs and Epodes (1867–79), Carducci grieves for the heroes who died for Italy and castigates the bourgeois opportunists who used the victory of the people for their own selfish ends. In his lyrical collection New Rhymes (1861–87), romantic motifs and a tendency to realism are evident. His poems in the collection Barbarian Odes (1877–89) are based on ancient metrics. Carducci is also famous as a critic; he wrote articles on Dante, Petrarch, and Boccaccio. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1906.

WORKS

Edizione nazionale delle opere di G. Carducci, vols. 1–30. [Bologna, 1935–40].
In Russian translation:
Izbrannoe: [Stikhi]. Moscow, 1958.

REFERENCES

Lunacharskii, A. “Poet i meshchanstvo.” Sobr. soch. v 8 tomakh, vol. 5. Moscow, 1965. Pages 136–42.
Poluiakhtova, I. K. Istoriia itaVianskoi literatury XIX v. (epokha Risordzhimento). Moscow, 1970. Pages 188–92.
Flora, F. La poesía e la prosa di Giosue Carducci.Pisa [1959].
Natali, G. Giosue Carducci. Florence, 1961. (With bibliography.)

N. G. ELINA

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She argues that Carducci's modernity is essentially memorialized by the attention he received by the futurist avant-garde movement that considered Giosue Carducci closer to their sense of modernity than to the outmoded poetic sensibility of 19thcentury poets and intellectuals.
Illustrissimo Giosue Carducci Professore nella Universita di Bologna
Pasquale Papa, Saggio bibliografico di poesie di Giosue Carducci tradotte in varie lingue, Tipografia della Ditta Nicola Zanichelli, Bologna 1897.
Pasquale Papa, La fortuna di un sonetto di Giosue Carducci, (Il bove), in "Avanti
Pasquale Papa, Giosue Carducci, Stabilimento Tipografico E.
Pasquale Papa, L'ultimo concorso di Giosue Carducci, in "Giornale d'Italia", Roma, 16 febbraio 1913.
Pasquale Papa, La patria nel pensiero e nell'opera di Giosue Carducci.
743-767; Marino Biondi, Giosue Carducci, la "scuola" carducciana e Giovanni Pascoli, ivi, pp.
Assistiamo, insomma, nell'opera di D'Annunzio, ad una sorta di "virilizzazione" della malinconia, alla quale vengono strappate tutte le connotazioni negative (in quanto femminee) che un altro crifico e poeta contemporaneo di D'Annanzio, Giosue Carducci, le andava attribuendo proprio negli stessi anni.