Andrea Doria(redirected from Giovanni Andrea Doria)
|Birthplace||Oneglia, Liguria, Italy|
Condottiero and admiral
Born Nov. 30, 1466, in Oneglia; died Nov. 25, 1560, in Genoa. Genoese admiral and state figure. Born into an aristocratic family.
During the period of the Italian Wars of 1494-1559, Doria, who had made it his goal to defend the independence of Genoa and who initially counted on the aid of France, served the French king Francis I from 1522 to 1525 and from 1527 to 1528; changing his allegiance, he subsequently went over to the service of Emperor Charles V. With the aid of Spanish imperial troops, he liberated Genoa from the forces of France in 1528 and obtained the restoration of the Genoese republic from the emperor. Under the constitution of 1528 introduced by Doria, an oligarchical government of the patriciate was established in Genoa. Doria became the actual ruler of the republic. In 1547 he suppressed the Fiesco conspiracy harshly. Under his command, the Spanish-Genoese fleet achieved a number of major victories (for example, during the Spanish expedition to Tunisia in 1535).
REFERENCESBiancotti, A. A. Doria. Turin, 1920.
Luzzatti, I. Andrea Doria. [Milan, 1943.]