Giovanni Battista Martini


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Martini, Giovanni Battista

 

(Padre Martini). Born Apr. 24, 1706, in Bologna; died there Oct. 4, 1784. Italian music theorist and historian, teacher, composer, choir director, singer, violinist, and harpsichordist. Franciscan monk.

Martini was a member and director of the Philharmonic Academy in Bologna. His principal theoretical work is Pattern, or Fundamental Practical Outline of Counterpoint (vols. 1-2, 1774-75). He wrote the History of Music (vols. 1-3, 1757-81), the first such work. His history deals only with ancient Greek and Roman music. Martini composed oratorios, works for organ and for harpsichord, vocal duets, and choruses with instrumental accompaniment. The musical world of 18th-century Italy centered on Martini. The conservatory and city library in Bologna are named after him.

References in periodicals archive ?
Opened in 2004, it charts the history of great composers who learnt from one of the most eminent names of 18th century music - Father Giovanni Battista Martini.
Thus in Accademia filarmonica one can find such legendary academicians as Arcangelo Corelli, Padre Giovanni Battista Martini, and "Wolfango Amedeo" Mozart side by side with their lesser-known fellows (here Gambassi might have done well to add a section listing the members chronologically, by year of admission, rather than simply listing them alphabetically).
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