Giovanni Papini


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Papini, Giovanni

 

Born Jan. 9, 1881, in Florence; died there July 8, 1956. Italian writer.

Papini’s literary works and his works on public affairs include The Twilight of the Philosophers (1906), Tragic Everyday Life (1906; Russian translation, 1923), and A Finished Man (1912; Russian translation, 1923). These works combine a striving for a renewal of cultural forms and a gift of keen psychological analysis with individualist rebellion and anarchistic tendencies.

In the 1920’s, Papini became a Catholic; later, he accepted Fascism. His work of the 1940’s and 1950’s is dominated by religious themes. Other books by Papini include The Living Dante (1933) and The Life of Michelangelo and the Life of His Times (1949).

WORKS

Tutte le opere, vols. 1–10. [Milan, 1958–66.]
Io, Papini: Antologia di C. Bo. [Florence] 1967.
In Russian translation:
Novelly. Moscow, 1926. (Contains other works.)

REFERENCES

Lunacharskii, A. V. “Zapadnaia intelligentsiia.” Sobr. soch, vol. 5. Moscow, 1965.
Di Franca, N. M. Giovanni Papini. Modena, 1958.

Z. M. POTAPOVA

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Having spontaneously become the gathering center of a variety of groups with often quite different interests, it is no surprise that in 1913 that third room became the office of a group of writers gathered around the journal Lacerba, right at the time when its editors Giovanni Papini and Ardengo Soffici, who had just founded it, steered their artistic interest toward Filippo Tommaso Marinetti's Futurism.
Novels by Georges Bernanos, Julien Green, Francois Mauriac, and the converts Graham Greene and Giovanni Papini appeared there--all authors who scandalized the pious and upset church authorities.
I remember the name of some of the authors: Karl Adam, Romano Guardini, Franz Michel Willam, Giovanni Papini, Jean Daniel-Rops.
Latin American intellectuals still grin with glee recalling the historian's knock-down, drag-out assault on the Italian essayist Giovanni Papini, who wrote a series of pamphlets in 1947 arguing that the Western Hemisphere had been an experience in failure.
Following his conversion from atheism, Giovanni Papini (1881-1956) wrote a popular biography, La storia di Cristo (1921), an apologetic work criticized for lacking a truly Christian sensibility (due to Papini's theatrical rhetoric) and for reducing Christ to the author's own petty bourgeois level.
Like their intellectual confreres elsewhere, the turn-of-the-century Florentine avant-garde--represented here primarily by Giovanni Papini, Giuseppe Prezzolini, and Ardengo Soffici--argued that beauty and violence, thought and action, history and actualism, were not opposites but merely the sterile categories of a rationalism whose time was up.
Feinstein contrasts this reading of Dante's verses with another, sinister reading by Fascist era Catholic interpreters, particularly Agostino Gemelli, Giovanni Papini and his Jesuit mentors.
In quel suo scritto, indirizzato alla moglie dell'uomo da lei amato al momento, lo scrittore Giovanni Papini, Aleramo rivelava alla giovane "rivale" la propria percezione dell'amore, da lei dolorosamente riscoperto come elemento essenziale dell'esistenza.