Giovanni Battista Pergolesi

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Pergolesi, Giovanni Battista

 

(real surname Draghi; pseudonym derived from the name of the city of the family’s origin). Born Jan. 4, 1710, in Jesi, near Ancona; died Mar. 17, 1736, in Pozzuoli, near Naples. Italian composer and representative of the Neapolitan school of opera.

Pergolesi’s first opera, Salustia, was staged in Naples in 1731. Pergolesi wrote opere serie, oratorios, and comic intermezzi, which were staged between the acts of opere serie. These intermezzi were subsequently performed independently as comic operas. In 1733, Pergolesi wrote the intermezzo La serva padrona for II prigioner superbo, an opera seria. La serva padrona was one of the first opere buffe and is still one of the best. Pergolesi also composed trio sonatas, operatic overtures, and other works, all of which anticipated the sudden stylistic changes that took place in Italian art in the mid-18th century. His religious work Stabat Mater (1735) is widely known.

WORKS

Recente è l’edizione dell’Opera omnia, vols. 1–25 [26–27], Rome, 1936— 42.

REFERENCES

Materialy i dokumenty po istorii muzyki, vol. 2. Edited by M. V. Ivanov-Boretskii. Moscow, 1934.
Della Corte, A. Giovanni Battista Pergolesi. Turin, 1936.
Margadonna, M. Pergolesi. [Milan, 1961.]
References in periodicals archive ?
The music by three little-known composers - Franz Doppler, Giovanni Pergolesi and Johann Quanz - commanded the attention of the Rotarians, who listened reverently to the 30-minute concert.
A new production, as the festival catalogue informs its readers, the program combines "Stabat Mater" and "La Serva Padrona," works from opposite ends of the sacred-profane divide by the composer remembered as Giovanni Pergolesi (1710-1736).
Composers through the ages have used the words of the 13th Century Marian poem Stabat Mater Dolorosa (the sorrowful mother stood) - a meditation on the suffering of Mary as she stood at the foot of the cross as Jesus was crucified - and it was the settings of two of the great Italian Baroque composers, Giovanni Pergolesi and Antonio Vivaldi, which were showcased.
So along with Luigi Cherubini, Domenico Citnarosa, Giovanni Pergolesi and Antonio Vivaldi, one here encounters such less-well-known figures as Florian Gassmann, Josef MysliveCek, Davide Perez and Giuseppe Sarti.
That latter piece was written by the Russian composer but based on a piece believed in those days to have been composed by 18th century composer Giovanni Pergolesi.
Giovanni Pergolesi - Stabat Mater I needed to learn it for a performance while studying and fell in love with it.