Giovanni Verga


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Verga, Giovanni

 

Born Aug. 31, 1840, in Catania, Sicily; died there Jan. 27, 1922. Italian writer.

Verga’s first novels, Carbonari of the Mountains (1861-62) and In the Lagoon (1863), are typical of Italian revolutionary romanticism. The second period of Verga’s creative work encompasses sentimental novels drawn from the life of bohemianism as well as high society: The Sinner (1866), Eva (1873; Russian translation, 1881), A Real Tiger (1875), and others. His novella TV edda (1874), concerning the tragic fate of a young woman farmworker, displays traits of a new trend in Italian realistic literature, verismo; Verga became its leader during the 1880’s. Humanism and democratism, which had always been characteristic of Verga, now acquired a special resonance. At the same time there was an intensification of his fatalistic view of the destiny of man and society. In his collections of stories Life of the Fields (1880) and Little Novels of Sicily (1883), he showed the difficult life and profound feelings of Sicilian peasants and farmworkers and satirically depicted the rich people of these rural areas. In the novels The House by the Medlar Tree (1881; Russian translation, 1936) and Mastro Don Gesualdo (1889; Russian translation, 1895) Verga described the social shifts in Sicily under the influence of capitalism that led to the destruction of the family structure. P. Mascagni used motifs from Verga’s story Cavalleria Rusticana (1884) for his opera of the same name (1890).

WORKS

Novelle rusticane. Rome, 1920.
Lettere al suo traduttore. Florence, 1954.
In Russian translation:
Dramy. Moscow-Leningrad, 1941.
Novelly. Moscow, 1957.

REFERENCES

Dzhovanni Verga: Biobibliograf che skii ukazatel’. (Compiled and prefaced by V. T. Danchenko.) Moscow, 1966.
Cattaneo, G. Giovanni Verga. [Turin, 1963.] (Bibliography.)
Russo, L. Giovanni Verga, 4th ed. Bari, 1966.
Scuderi, E. Verga. [Catania, 1966.] (Bibliography, pages 240-45).
Ricciardi, M. “Rassegna verghiana.” Lettere italiane, 1968, no. 2.
Storia delta letteratura italiana, vol. 8 [Milan, 1968.] (Bibliography.)
Raja, G. Un secolo di bibliografia verghiana. Padua, 1960.

N. G. ELINA

References in classic literature ?
A contemporary Italian, whom I like hardly less than these noble Spaniards, is Giovanni Verga, who wrote 'I Malavoglia,' or, as we call it in English, 'The House by the Medlar Tree': a story of infinite beauty, tenderness and truth.
Morreale uses the same topics written about by Giovanni Verga, Luigi Pirandello, Leonardo Sciascia and Andrea Camilleri, authors who are solidly ensconced in the Sicilian literary canon.
E lo svolgimento cinetico, ovvero la "traiettoria" delle azioni, a interessare Bragaglia, che sfrutta l'occhio meccanico per cogliere l'essenza dinamica del gesto anziche la realta oggettiva dei corpi (Lista, 2001: 150-160), mettendo in pratica una sorta di "drammaturgia delle immagini" (idea, questa, che si puo far risalire all'attivita di Giovanni Verga in campo fotografico; Bernard, 2014: 79-105).
The first film is a neorealist study of the Sicilian fishing community, presented for the most part in the dialect of the region and containing echoes of one of Visconti's favourite novels, I Malavoglia (The House by the Medlar Tree) by Giovanni Verga.
Annotating Lawrence's introductions to his translations of the Sicilian writer Giovanni Verga, they provide useful information concerning both that writer and his works, supplementing the occasionally slapdash account provided by Lawrence.
So para lembrar alguns nomes, Giovanni Verga, Luigi Pirandello, Vitaliano Brancati e, mais recentemente, Leonardo Sciascia, Vincenzo Consolo, Andrea Camilleri.
The same issue has preoccupied writers from at least Giovanni Verga onwards, including Pavese in his relationship with the Piedmontese peasantry.
In addition to looking Lawrence's Italian travel writing, Traficante brings in discussion of Lawrence's translations of Italian realist writer Giovanni Verga (1840-1922) into the analysis.
Son setenta y siete las cronicas que Juan Gelman expone en Miradas, algunos de esos creadores son Virginia Wolf, Emil Cioran, Nietzsche, Bartok, Jan Vermeer, Giovanni Verga, Daniel Defoe, Alfred Hitchcock, Engels, Ingmar Bergman, Raymond Chandler, Ruben Dario, Rimbaud, D.
Writers like Cervantes, Laurence Sterne, Jane Austen, and Giovanni Verga are concerned to problematize the process of judging, the admitting of human error and with it human fallibility and suffering.
Both authors' work was a refashioning of the tradition of Giovanni Verga, whose earthy Sicilian verismo D.
She did nevertheless produce two outstanding if very different novelists in the nineteenth century: Alessandro Manzoni, whose I Promessi Sposi ("The Betrothed"), written in the 1820s, is a vivid, discursively narrated work of Romantic historism; and Giovanni Verga, writing toward the end of the century, the chief figure of Italian verismo and one of the great European realists, though little recognized outside his own country.