Giovanni Villani


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Giovanni Villani
BirthplaceFlorence
Occupation
Banker, Official, Diplomat, Chronicler

Villani, Giovanni

 

Born in the second half of the 13th century in Florence; died there in 1348. Florentine chronicler and statesman.

During 1316-1321, Villani was a priore (member of the government) of the Florentine republic. His chronicle, dedicated to the history of Florence, brings the exposition of events up to 1348 and contains rich and sufficiently precise material on Florentine economics.

It also provides a summary of political events in Italy in the first half of the 14th century. The author reflects the moods of the popolo grasso. In his works a medieval world view is combined with a realism in the description of events that is characteristic of the Renaissance. Villani’s brother Matteo continued the chronicle to the year 1363, and then a nephew, Filippo, brought it up to 1364.

WORKS

Cronica. Florence, 1923.

REFERENCES

Rutenburg, V. I. Narodnye dvizheniia v gorodakh Italii XIVnachala XV vv. Moscow-Leningrad, 1958. Pages 331-32.
Fiumi, E. “La demografia fiorentina nelle pagine di G. Villani.” Archivio Storico Italiano, vol. 108, 1950, pp. 78-158.
Fiumi, E. “Economia e vita privata dei fiorentini nelle rivelazioni statistiche di G. Villani.” A rchivio Storico Italiano, vol. Ill , 1953, pp. 207-41.

V. I. RUTENBURG

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The chroniclers Dino Compagni and Giovanni Villani portrayed Guido as active in the factional struggle of the 1290s, struggling against Corso Donati and his party, known after 1302 as the Blacks, on the side of Vieri de' Cerchi, subsequently called the Whites.
Por um lado, deixou de poder contar com as cronicas em vernaculo em que se havia apoiado, quer a de Giovanni Villani e de seu irmao Matteo, quer a de Marchionne di Coppo Stefani, que cobriam os acontecimentos, num caso ate 1366 e, no outro, entre 1366 e 1386.
Giovanni Villani describes the bread baked 'day and night' by men and women in a communal bakery set up in Florence during a famine; made 'without sifting or removing the chaff,' it is 'very rough and painful to see and to eat' (p.
Giovanni Villani, leitor assiduo dos gloriosos feitos dos romanos, descritos por Salustio, por Tito Livio, por Valerio Maximo e por outros historiografos antigos, pensou em escrever, nos primeiros anos do seculo XIV, os acontecimentos de sua patria "per dare memoria ed esempio a quelli che sono a vivere" (RACHELI, 1857: 5).
This wry remark, typical of Machiavelli's sense of humor, is actually drawn from a similar passage in the Vita Castruccii Antelminelli Castracani, written by a Luccan humanist, Niccolo Tegrimi, and many details in the story are confirmed in the Nuova Cronica of the Florentine historian Giovanni Villani (Tegrimi 1732, 1321A; Villani 1991, 11.
An examination of a small group of chroniclers across a broad period reveals how contemporary chronicles wrote of vendetta and helps to explain both its nature and its triggers: for the late thirteenth century, the friar, Salimbene de Adam, who was based in Parma, and the Paduan, Rolandino; for the fourteenth century, the Florentines, Giovanni Villani and Donato Velluti, the Pistoian annals, and the Gatari brothers' chronicle of the Carrarese lordship in Padua; for the fifteenth century, the anonymous Bolognese chronicles, and Jacopo Delayto's Ferrarese annals; and, finally, Cherubino Ghirardacci's history of Bologna, written in the sixteenth century.
Giovanni Villani, che aveva dedicato nella cronaca capitoli interi a Maometto, (13) riporta una leggenda su Maometto legata ad altri concetti, tra i quali il culto delia magia.
Chroniclers like Giovanni Villani, Filippo Rinuccini, and Marchione Stefani are cited in evidence without consideration of bias and distortion.
Giovanni Villani writes that Dino was a "grandissimo Dottore in Fisica, et in piu scienzie naturali et Filosofiche, il quale al suo tempo fu il migliore, e piu Sovrano Medico, che fosse in Italia" (Historia Florentini 10.
Ser Giovanni's choice of a single historical source, Giovanni Villani, is therefore just as telling as his selection of material, insofar as it was upheld by Florentine conservatives (while under attack by humanists) and could be used to demonstrate the author's patent sympathies for the Guelphs.
Col saggio di Marina Marietti ("De la Chronique a la nouvelle: la reecriture de Giovanni Villani par l'auteur du Pecorone") si torna alla problematica del rapporto fra generi letterari diversi, alla questione cioe di come il testo delle cronache di Giovanni Villani sia stato adattato al quadro di quella che si presenta come una raccolta di novelle.
Embedded as they were in the very fabric of the building, these markers would have tied individuals and families close to the hope of salvation, especially if they believed, as Giovanni Villani (ca.