Giovanni de' Medici


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Medici, Giovanni de',

1475–1521: see Leo XLeo X,
1475–1521, pope (1513–21), a Florentine named Giovanni de' Medici; successor of Julius II. He was the son of Lorenzo de' Medici, was made a cardinal in his boyhood, and was head of his family before he was 30 (see Medici).
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Medici, Giovanni de',

or

Giovanni delle Bande Nere

(jōvän`nē dĕl`lā bän`dā nā`rā) [Ital.,=of the black bands], 1498–1526, Italian condottiere; great-grandson of Lorenzo de' Medici (d. 1440, brother of Cosimo de' Medici, 1389–1464). The son of Caterina Sforza (see under SforzaSforza
, Italian family that ruled the duchy of Milan from 1450 to 1535. Rising from peasant origins, the Sforzas became condottieri and used this military position to become rulers in Milan. The family governed by force, ruse, and power politics.
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, family), he was trained from childhood for the military life, and in 1516 his relative Pope Leo X gave him command of a troop. He soon won great reputation as a military leader. His nickname was probably acquired because of the black stripes of mourning on his banners after the death (1521) of Leo X. In the Italian Wars, Giovanni fought (1521–22) in N Italy for the pope, on the side of Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, against Francis I of France. He later changed sides, however, and fought with Francis in the battle of Pavia (1525), where he was severely wounded. In 1526 he again sided with Francis, fighting for the League of Cognac. He died of a wound received in battle. Giovanni delle Bande Nere possessed great courage and tactical ability. His hold over his men was remarkable, and his corps remained together long after his death. His wife, Maria Salviati, was a granddaughter of Lorenzo de' Medici (Lorenzo il Magnifico), and his son became grand duke of Tuscany as Cosimo I.
References in periodicals archive ?
1175-1275) in the Stanza della Segnatura (1508-11), the pope (with the features of Julius II) is seated on a raised throne but without cloth of honor or canopy, wears a tiara and pluviale (ornate cope), and is flanked by two cardinal assistants (with the faces of Giovanni de' Medici and Alessandro Farnese) and numerous attendants.
13) A few scholars have mentioned in passing that the text of the Bible on Leo's table includes the verse: "There was a man sent from God, whose name was John" (John 1:6) and that this is probably an allusion to Giovanni de' Medici, Leo X.
As familiars, commensales, chamberlains, domestic prelates, majordomi, prothonotaries, squires, and ambassadors of Giovanni de' Medici (either as cardinal or Pope Leo X), (19) these canons enjoyed considerable authority: not only did they have direct access to the man they served, but they were also in a position of power within the hierarchy of the Florentine ecciesia maior.
In the years leading up to 1516, the memory of these losses and threats, with which Giovanni de' Medici had been associated as papal legate in Bologna during the last years of Julius's reign, were still fresh.
Bibbiena was a loyal Medici supporter who had, in fact, followed the family into exile in 1494 and, after Piero's death in 1503, served Cardinal Giovanni de' Medici as secretary.
Hoping to return to Florence as an academic or secretary, Filelfo dedicated an emended version of the Sforziad to Piero de' Medici and wrote a letter to another of Cosimo's children, Giovanni de' Medici, explaining that he had never felt any ill-will towards the Medici.
The statue inspired a Latin poem by an admiring Cardinal Giovanni de' Medici (the future Pope Leo X) and numerous copies in various media, including Raphael's drawing and the Raimondi print.
Of the four appendices, the first includes dedications (original and French translation) found in two of the manuscripts containing the Hymni (to Lorenzo de' Medici and Giovanni de' Medici, respectively); the third - two letters by Beathus Rhenanus published in the 1529 Parisian edition of the Hymni; the fourth is a list of several grammatical peculiarities found in the Hymni.