Giraffidae

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Related to Giraffid: family Giraffidae

Giraffidae

[jə′raf·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
A family of pecoran ruminants in the superfamily Bovoidea including giraffe, okapi, and relatives.

Giraffidae

 

a family of ruminant mammals of the order Artiodactyla. There are two genera: Giraffa and Okapi. The genus Giraffa consists of a single species, the common giraffe.

The common giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) is a large animal with a short trunk on long legs (the front legs are longer than the hind ones). Height at withers, approximately 3.7 m. The neck is long, and the head is small with tiny skin-covered horns. Weight, 550–800 kg; height, 5–6 m. The main body color is light yellow with dark variegated cinnamon brown spots. The coat pattern varies from one part of its range to another; this is the basis for distinguishing several subspecies.

The giraffe is found in Africa where it lives in open steppes (savannas) with sparse trees and shrubs. Giraffes stay in small herds of 12–15 individuals (sometimes as many as 70). They feed mainly on the leaves and branches of various acacias.

Gestation is about 14 months; one young is usually produced at birth. Giraffe meat is used for food and its hide for making various articles. Giraffes have been largely exterminated by hunting; they have disappeared entirely in some parts of Africa. They are preserved primarily in national parks.

V. G. GEPTNER

References in periodicals archive ?
Modern giraffes and the fossil Giraffids of Africa.
The giraffids record in South Asia begins from the early Miocene times, from where they later dispersed to the Southeast Asia (Khan and Umar, 2006).
are brachydont and small sized they can either be compared with the genus Giraffokeryx or the genus Giraffa, or can be excluded to the large siwalik giraffids.
The dietary preferences of large herbivorous mammals including giraffids can be evaluated on the basis of mesowear I II and hypsodonty studies (Solounias and Semprebon 2002; Damuth and Janis 2011).
Other studies on dietary evaluations of herbivores including giraffids from Middle Miocene of Pakistani Siwaliks was based solely on general comparisons with their extant analogues (e.
The specimens are a pretty good match to Giraffokeryx punjabiensis, a small sized taxon of giraffids, found in the Middle Miocene of the Siwaliks.
A New Fossil Giraffid Species Bramatherium progressus n.
The number of these determined species has already been considered as exaggerated, nevertheless the taxonomy and the validity of the giraffid species in the Siwaliks has not been fully resolved yet (Matthew, 1929; Gentry, 1997; Geraads and Gulec,1999).
Dimensions of the teeth are very similar to those of the Siwalik middle Miocene giraffids (Colbert, 1935; Bhatti et al.
Fossil mammals (tragulids, giraffids and bovids) from the Neogene Siwalik deposits exposed in Nurpur-Ranital terrains, Western Himmachal Pradesh, India.