Giulio Cesare Vanini

Vanini, Giulio Cesare

 

(pseudonym, Lucilio). Born 1585, in Taurisano, near Naples; died Feb. 9, 1619, in Toulouse. Italian philosopher and pantheist. As a priest, condemned for heresy and atheism and burned at the stake.

Vanini was influenced by P. Pomponazzi, G. Cardano, and especially G. Bruno. He wrote in Latin two works The Amphitheater of Eternal Providence (1615) and On the Wonderful Secrets of Nature, the Queen, and the Goddess of Mortals (1616). Vanini denied the immortality of the soul, the creation of the world out of nothing, and the divinity of Jesus; he understood man’s mental life to be dependent upon climate, nourishment, heredity, and the influence of the stars.

WORKS

Le opere, vols. 1-2. Rome, 1933-34.

REFERENCES

Tarle, E. V. “Dzhulio Vanini.” Mir bozhii, 1900, no. 5.
Rutenburg, V. I. Velikii ital’ianskii ateist Vanini. Moscow, 1959.
Lenoir, E. Au seuil du grand siècle. Paris, 1939.

V. V. SOKOLOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Dans l'article << Atheisme >> du Dictionnaire philosophique, Voltaire fait un sort singulier a Giulio Cesare Vanini, le philosophe execute sur le bucher comme << athee et blasphemateur du nom de Dieu >> par le Parlement de Toulouse le 9 fevrier 1619.
De Admirandis naturae reginae deaeque mortalium arcanis, in Giulio Cesare Vanini, Tutte le opere, textes presentes et annotes par Francesco Paolo Raimondi, traduits par Francesco Paolo Raimondi et Luigi Crudo, Milano, Bompiani, 2010.
Amphitheatrum aeternae providentiae, in Giulio Cesare Vanini, Tutte le opere.
Voir l'analyse de Francesco Paolo Raimondi, qui en retrace la source dans les doctrines neo-platoniciennes vehiculees par Giulio Cesare Scaligero in Giulio Cesare Vanini, Tutte le opere, p.
Didier Foucault, Un philosophe libertin dans l'Europe baroque, Giulio Cesare Vanini (1585-1619) Paris, Champion, 2003, p.
Voir Francesco Paolo Raimondi, Giulio Cesare Vanini nell'Europa del Seicento, Pisa, Istituti Editoriali e Poligrafici Internazionali, 2005, p.
Pierre Bayle said that Bruno, unlike Giulio Cesare Vanini, had died only for the confusion of his ideas.
Un philosophe libertin dans l'Europe baroque: Giulio Cesare Vanini (1585-1619).
For Descartes this was a dangerous situation: in 1619 Giulio Cesare Vanini had been burned at the stake in Toulouse for "atheism," and there seems to have been around this time an epidemic of sorcerer-burnings in France, one of whose victims in 1623 was a man executed at Moulins for the crime of possessing a copy of that sixteenth-century encyclopedia of magic, Cornelius Agrippa's De occulta philosophia.