Giuseppe Fiorelli


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Fiorelli, Giuseppe

 

Born June 8, 1823, in Naples; died there Jan. 28, 1896. Italian archaeologist and public figure; participant in the struggle for the unification of Italy.

Beginning in 1845, Fiorelli directed excavations in Pompeii, conducting them strictly according to scientific principles. He became director of the National Museum in Naples and inspector of excavations in 1863, and in 1875 he was made director general of museums and excavations of Italy. Fiorelli was an expert on the coins of ancient Greece and Rome. He founded the Italian archaeological school.

WORK

Guide de Pompei. Naples, 1889.
References in periodicals archive ?
In 1863, the Italian archaeologist Giuseppe Fiorelli finally began to unearth Pompeii in a systematic way.
Most important of all was the discovery by Giuseppe Fiorelli, in the late 19th century, of a method to record in plaster the shapes of the victims of the eruption.
In 1860 an inspirational archaeologist, Giuseppe Fiorelli, noticed that he could identify cavities below the earth, often by tapping his stick on the ground.
In 1860, archaeologist Giuseppe Fiorelli came up with the idea of pouring liquid plaster into the hollows left in the ash by 1,100 bodies, as well as animals and trees.
The video moves on to show old pictures of an archaeological dig, and explains: "In 1860, Giuseppe Fiorelli made the first systematic excavation of Pompeii.
His most important contribution was appointing the head of the excavation, Giuseppe Fiorelli.