Giuseppe Ungaretti


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Ungaretti, Giuseppe

 

Born Feb. 10, 1888, in Alexandria, Egypt; died June 1, 1970, in Milan. Italian poet.

Ungaretti studied in Paris for a short period beginning in 1912 and became friends with G. Apollinaire, P. Valéry, and the Italian futurists. From 1915 to 1918, Ungaretti fought in World War I. His work first appeared in 1915; in 1916 he published the collection The Buried Port, which became the core of the collection The Merriment of Shipwrecks (1919). Ungaretti published an expanded version of this second collection in 1931 and 1936 under the title of Merriment.

The principal themes of Ungaretti’s work are loneliness, the tragic quality of life, and man’s need for human contact. His poetry is characterized by laconic phrasing, a rejection of rhyme, the association of images, and great simplicity of language. Ungaretti was one of the founders of the hermetic school of poetry. During the 1930’s, the pessimistic motifs in his verse came to the fore in the collection A Feeling of Time (1933). In the cycle Occupied Rome (1943–44), the poet voiced the feelings of the entire people in poems such as “Stop Killing the Dead,” which is dedicated to the heroes of the resistance movement. The collection Sorrow (1947) reflected a crisis in Ungaretti’s poetry. Elements of “unpoetic reality” appeared in his late poems.

Ungaretti became chairman of the European Community of Writers in 1962.

WORKS

Vita d’un uomo: Tutte le poesie. [Milan-Verona, 1969.]
In Russian translation:
[“Stikhi.”] In Iz Ital’ianskikh poetov. Foreword by A. Surkov. Moscow, 1958.
[“Stikhi.”] In Ital’ianskaia lirika: XX vek. Foreword by A. Surkov. Moscow, 1958.

REFERENCES

Potapova, Z. M. “Soprotivlenie i sud’by ital’ianskoi literatury.” In Literatura antifashistskogo Soprotivleniia v stranakh Evropy, 1939–1945. Moscow, 1972.
Portinari, F. G. Ungaretti. Turin [1967]. (Contains bibliography.)
Piccioni, L. Vita di un poeta G. Ungaretti [Milan, 1970.]

Z. M. POTAPOVA

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Nei numeri successivi arrivarono i contributi di altri grandi poeti come Giuseppe Ungaretti, Eugenio Montale, Luciano Erba, Piero Bigongiari, Margherita Guidacci, Maria Luisa Spaziani, Giorgio Caproni, Camillo Sbarbaro, Giovanni Giudici, Sergio Solmi, Diego Valeri, Andrea Zanzotto.
Com efeito, Traduzione, transcreazione, saggi avulta ainda mais pelo fato de que muitas das questoes oferecidas ao publico italiano por Andrea Lombardi e Gaetano d'Itria tem como tematica principal a difusao de autores do canone italiano, como Dante, Giacomo Leopardi ou Giuseppe Ungaretti.
In Rome, she met Giuseppe Ungaretti, who translated parts of her first novel, and Giorgio de Chirico who painted her portrait.
The article touches upon Gadda's own poems and his own critical interventions on poetry, while focusing on his fellow poets (Ugo Betti, Bonaventura Tecchi, Giuseppe Ungaretti, Salvatore Quasimodo, Leonardo Sinisgalli, besides the afore-mentioned D'Annunzio and Montale).
There was an extraordinary Hermetic poet, Giuseppe Ungaretti.
Although the respondents to the survey were overwhelmingly French, they included two foreign writers: Giuseppe Ungaretti and Knut Hamsun.
It was followed by Clear Skies, a piece inspired of one of her favourite poems, Clear Sky - July 1918 by Giuseppe Ungaretti.
Walter Benjamin suggested in "The Storyteller" that the Great War led to an impoverishment of communicable experience--a particularly apt insight in relation to the wartime works of Italian soldier poets and painters like Giuseppe Ungaretti and Carlo Carra.
The company of artists and intellectuals who have inspired Jaar and served as points of reference in his life has ranged from Hans Haacke to Alighiero Boetti, from Nancy Spero to Yoko Ono, from Gabriel Garcia Marquez to Giuseppe Ungaretti.
Among these factors indicative is the importance of the figure of Alighiero Boetti and his relationship with Afghanistan and writing, and then the relationship with the literary roots, namely the poem "The Rivers" by Giuseppe Ungaretti, in which the poet recounts his history in many bathrooms in the rivers of his life.
Tradujo a Dino Campana, Umberto Saba, Giuseppe Ungaretti, Eugenio Montale, Salvatore Quasimodo, Mario Luzi, Valerio Magrelli, Giuseppe Tomasi de Lampedusa, Cesare Pavese, Alberto Moravia, Natalia Ginzburg, Leonardo Sciascia, Antonio Tabucchi y muchisimos mas.
Par Dante Marianacci Je suis sur l'autoroute qui mene du Caire a Alexandrie et je tente de feuilleter distraitement, sous les rayons deja intenses du soleil, un vieil album de photographies du poete italien Giuseppe Ungaretti, qui naquit a Alexandrie en 1888 dans cette cite a grande culture cosmopolite qui s'y developpa, se vantant d'avoir ete tres influence par l'Egypte et l'Europe, et surtout au debut des annees 1900.