Giyan


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Giyan

 

an ancient settlement of settled farmers and cattle-raisers, 70 km south of Hamadan, Iran.

Archaeological excavations have uncovered cultural strata 19 m thick, divided into five complexes. Giyan V, within which there are four phases, belongs to the end of the fifth and the beginning of the fourth millennium B.C. Painted ceramics with geometric ornamentation were widespread in Giyan V-A. Brass objects and drawings of goats appear in Giyan V-B and drawings of birds in Giyan V-C. Giyan V-D is characterized by ceramics of the Susa A type.

The ceramics of Giyan IV (third millennium B.C.) are characterized by stylized depictions of birds. Many brass objects were found in the graves of Giyan IV, including an axe, spearheads, and pins. The culture of Giyan IV is distinct from Susian culture and may belong to the Lullubi. Giyan III (end of the third and beginning of the second millennium B.C.) is characterized by three-legged goblets with line decoration. Vessels with birds and solar disks depicted on them are widespread in Giyan II. In Giyan I (end of the second and beginning of the first millennium B.C.), unpainted ceramics (black and red) prevail, and iron objects begin to appear.

REFERENCES

Contenau, G., and R. Ghirshman. Fouilles du Tépé-Giyan. Paris, 1936.
McCown, D. E. The Comparative Stratigraphy of Early Iran. Chicago, 1942.

V. M. MASSON

References in periodicals archive ?
EBM has approved closing inquiry against former minister for excise and taxation, Sindh Giyan Chand Israni and others.
Senator Giyan Chand said Saifullah Bangash was a patriot and his memories would be always remembered.
The committee meeting held here on Monday at Parliament House under the chairmanship of Senator Muhammad Usman Kakar, senators including Sardar Muhammad Azam Khan Musakhel, Nisar Muhammad Malakand, Tanveer ul Haq Thanvi, Jahanzeb Jamaldini, Khalda Parveen and Giyan Chand, while officials of ministry of interior, and industry and production also attended the meeting.
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The Afghan National Army (ANA)'s 203rd Thunder Military Corps based in the province said the infighting among two Taliban factions took place in Lwara area of Giyan district.
The EBNAB, chaired by Chairman NAB Justice (Retd) Javed Iqbal ordered closing two inquiries against Giyan Chand Israni and others, messers Kashar Textile Mills Faisalabad and others owing to inadequate evidence against the accused, said a press release.
On arrival at the airport, the delegation was welcomed by Chairman Senate Mian Raza Rabbani, Senator Giyan Chand and other officials of Senate.
The members of Ministerial Committee the Sindh Minister for Finance Syed Murad Ali Shah, Sindh Minister for Health Jam Mehtab Dahar, Sindh Minister Excise & Taxation Giyan Chand Essrani, The Secretary to CM Alumuddin Bullo, Secretary Food Saeed Awan, Secretary Finance Sohail Rajput, Director Food Muhammad Bachal Rahpoto and other officers attended the meeting.
The Medical Director of Federal Medical Center, Keffi, Dr Giyan Joshua Ndom, has appealed to the Federal Government to ensure full release of all funds allocated to the health sector.
He also said materials needed for voter registration could not be dispatched to Zankhan district in Ghazni, Wama, Mandol and Kamdesh in eastern Nuristan, Chapa Dara district in Kunar and Giyan in Paktika due to security threats.
The committee meeting held here on Monday at Parliament House under the chairmanship of Senator Muhammad Usman Kakar, senators including Sardar Muhammad Azam Khan Musakhel, Nisar Muhammad Malakand, Tanveer ul Haq Thanvi, Jahanzeeb Jamaldini, Khalda Parveen and Giyan Chand, while officials of ministry of interior, and industry and production also attended the meeting.
On its arrival at the airport the delegation was welcomed by Chairman Senate Mian Raza Rabbani, Senator Giyan Chand and other officials of Senate.