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an ancient settlement of settled farmers and cattle-raisers, 70 km south of Hamadan, Iran.

Archaeological excavations have uncovered cultural strata 19 m thick, divided into five complexes. Giyan V, within which there are four phases, belongs to the end of the fifth and the beginning of the fourth millennium B.C. Painted ceramics with geometric ornamentation were widespread in Giyan V-A. Brass objects and drawings of goats appear in Giyan V-B and drawings of birds in Giyan V-C. Giyan V-D is characterized by ceramics of the Susa A type.

The ceramics of Giyan IV (third millennium B.C.) are characterized by stylized depictions of birds. Many brass objects were found in the graves of Giyan IV, including an axe, spearheads, and pins. The culture of Giyan IV is distinct from Susian culture and may belong to the Lullubi. Giyan III (end of the third and beginning of the second millennium B.C.) is characterized by three-legged goblets with line decoration. Vessels with birds and solar disks depicted on them are widespread in Giyan II. In Giyan I (end of the second and beginning of the first millennium B.C.), unpainted ceramics (black and red) prevail, and iron objects begin to appear.


Contenau, G., and R. Ghirshman. Fouilles du Tépé-Giyan. Paris, 1936.
McCown, D. E. The Comparative Stratigraphy of Early Iran. Chicago, 1942.


References in periodicals archive ?
Provincial Minister for Minorities Giyan Chand Esrani, Minister for Excise & Taxation Mukesh Kumar Chawala, and minorities leaders including Hariram, Dr.
The Ambassador of Pakistan to Indonesia, Sanaullah performed the flag hoisting ceremony marking the Independence Day of Pakistan, message of the President, Asif Ali Zardari and Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif were read out by First Secretary Ayesha Tasadduq and Second Secretary Giyan Chand.
He also said materials needed for voter registration could not be dispatched to Zankhan district in Ghazni, Wama, Mandol and Kamdesh in eastern Nuristan, Chapa Dara district in Kunar and Giyan in Paktika due to security threats.
Umer, First Secretary(Press), Saeed Javed, Head of Chancery, Zafar Iqbal, Third Secretary, Giyan Chand, Business Attache, Tahir Iqbal and Attache (Consul), Mr.
Every year, Waza Khwa, Warmami, Tarwa, Khoshamand, Gomal, Womna, Barmal, Giyan and Zherok residents suffer multiple problems during the snowfall.
Sindh Minister for Finance Syed Murad Ali Shah, Sindh Minister for Excise and Taxation Giyan Chand Israni, Principal Secretary to CM Alumuddin Bullo, Secretary Finance Sohail Rajput, Commissioner Karachi Shoaib Siddiqui, DC West and South and other officers attended the meeting.
The members of Ministerial Committee the Sindh Minister for Finance Syed Murad Ali Shah, Sindh Minister for Health Jam Mehtab Dahar, Sindh Minister Excise & Taxation Giyan Chand Essrani, The Secretary to CM Alumuddin Bullo, Secretary Food Saeed Awan, Secretary Finance Sohail Rajput, Director Food Muhammad Bachal Rahpoto and other officers attended the meeting.
The Medical Director of Federal Medical Center, Keffi, Dr Giyan Joshua Ndom, has appealed to the Federal Government to ensure full release of all funds allocated to the health sector.
The Afghan National Army (ANA)'s 203rd Thunder Military Corps based in the province said the infighting among two Taliban factions took place in Lwara area of Giyan district.
During discussion in meeting, three member Ministerial committee for wheat marketing including Sindh Minister for Finance Syed Murad Ali Shah, Sindh Minister Health Jam Mehtab Dahar and Sindh Minister Excise & Taxation Giyan Chand Essrani briefed the meeting about the present market situation of wheat in the country.
KARACHI -- Sindh Minister for Excise and Taxation Giyan Chand Asrani, Minister for Food Jam Mehtab Hussain Dahar and Advisor to CM on Human Rights have said that Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) is the party of martyrs.