Gjirokastër

(redirected from Gjirokastra)

Gjirokastër

(gyĭrôkäs`tər) or

Gjinokastër

(gyēnô–), Gr. Argyrokastron, It. Argirocastro, town (1989 pop. 24,207), capital of Gjirokastër dist., S Albania. A commercial center, it produces foodstuffs, leather, and textiles. There are several 18th-century mosques and churches and an old citadel (rebuilt in the 19th cent.) in the town. Dating probably from the 4th cent., Gjirokastër passed to the Turks in the 15th cent. It was captured (1811) by Ali Pasha and was the center (late 1800s) of anti-Turkish resistance. In World War II it was occupied by Italy, Greece, and Germany in succession. Enver HoxhaHoxha, Enver
, 1908–85, Albanian Communist leader and general. A founder (1941) of the Albanian Communist party (Albanian Labor party from 1948), Hoxha headed the radical resistance group in Italian-occupied Albania during World War II.
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, the Albanian Communist party leader, was born there.
References in periodicals archive ?
Berat and Gjirokastra, two other Albanian cities prominent for their specific architectural style, are also on the list.
These centers include two UNESCO Cultural Heritage sites Gjirokastra and Berat, Saranda (a tourism gateway for the region, and the UNESCO World Heritage site of Butrint), and Prmet that links the South Albania tourism circuit with the heart of the Balkans.
Fieldwork conducted in nine districts of Albania respectively, in Tirana, Durres, Vlora, Fier, Elbasan, Korca, Pogradec, Gjirokastra and Saranda during May-July 2013 served to collect primary data through face-to-face interviews with Roma community members.
However, the largest number of Roma is concentrated mainly in Central and Southeastern Albania: Tirana, Durres, Elbasan, Fier, Berat, Korca, Pogradec, Bilisht, Gjirokastra, Delvin, Kruja, Shkodra etc.
The Ottoman Turkish traveler Evliya Celebi writes that when he moved to Albania cities like Berat Gjirokastra Shkodra were skilfully divided and every town had its own domestic architecture.
Albania's Premier Berisha inaugurated the road reconstruction Llongo - Koshovica, he, in the Upper Dropull, in the district of Gjirokastra, 5.
Nowadays GIS is integrated as a single course in the undergraduate program in the Universities of Shkodra and Gjirokastra in the departments of Geography, Architecture and Urban Planning, Geodesy, Computer Sciences and Geology departments in the university of Tirana, but it still remains part of the undergraduate program.
Gjirokastra, ciudad principal del sur del pais, es un testimonio unico de la tradicion cultural y la vida de los siglos XIV - XIX.
The real rising destination is Gjirokastra, a city whose historic center is a UNESCO World Heritage site, he added.
Cultural properties submitted for inscription to the World Heritage List: Historic Centres of Berat and Gjirokastra Co Towns of southern Albania, exceptional testimonies of well-preserved Ottoman settlements in the Balkan region, an extension (Albania), Cultural Landscape of Buenos Aires (Argentina), Sao Francisco Square in the city of Sao Cristovao (Brazil), The Sacred Site of the Temple of Preah Vihear (Cambodia), Fujian Tulou (China), The Stari Grad Plain (Croatia), Urban Historic Scenary Camaguey (Cuba), Spa of Luha?
The ancient fortified towns of Berati, Gjirokastra and Kruja are completely unspoiled and Butrint in the south has some of the best Roman remains outside Italy.
Also in 2005, two men beat a journalist in a town called Gjirokastra.