Reinhold Glière

(redirected from Gliere)

Glière, Reinhold Moritzovich

 

Born Dec. 30, 1874 (Jan. 11, 1875), in Kiev; died June 23, 1956, in Moscow. Soviet composer, conductor, teacher, and public figure. People’s Artist of the USSR (1938). Doctor of the arts (1941).

Glière graduated from the Moscow Conservatory in 1900, after studying composition under M. M. Ippolitov-Ivanov, harmony under A. S. Arenskii and G. E. Konius, and polyphony under S. I. Taneev. He taught theory at the Gnesin School of Music in Moscow, where his pupils included N. Ia. Miaskovskii and S. S. Prokofiev. From 1913 he was professor of composition (from 1914, director) at the Kiev Conservatory, where his pupils included B. N. Liatoshinskii and L. N. Revutskii. From 1920 to 1941 he was professor of composition at the Moscow Conservatory, where his pupils included An. N. Aleksandrov, A. A. Davidenko, and L. K. Knipper.

Glière continued the realistic tradition of composers of Russian music classics—primarily, Tchaikovsky, Rachmaninoff, and the Russian Five. A broad and expressive melodious quality, balanced form, elegant harmony, and diverse genres are characteristic of his music, which is distinguished by its balanced emotion and the predominance of bright and lyrical or epic narrative images. Glière often used authentic folk songs and dances. He was the composer of the first ballet based on a theme from contemporary life that became part of Soviet repertoire (The Red Poppy, produced in 1927 at the Bolshoi Theater in Moscow; 2nd version, 1949, at the S. M. Kirov Theater of Opera and Ballet in Leningrad; known as The Red Flower since 1957). Among his other ballets The Bronze Horseman (produced in 1949 at the S. M. Kirov Theater of Opera and Ballet), which was based on Pushkin’s poem, enjoys popularity.

Glière composed five operas, some of which contributed to the establishment of national music cultures in Azerbaijan (Shah-Senem, produced in 1927 in Baku). Other operas by him promoted the establishment of Uzbek national music (Leili and Mejnun, written with T. Sadykov and produced in 1940 at the Uzbek Theater of Opera and Ballet in Tashkent, and Giul’sara, also written with T. Sadykov and produced at the Uzbek Theater of Opera and Ballet in 1949). Glière wrote a number of orchestral works, including three symphonies—1900, 1907, and 1911—and several program symphonies, including The Zaporozhian Cossacks (1921), which was based on I. E. Repin’s painting. He also composed concerti for harp (1938), voice (1943), cello (1947), and French horn (1951), as well as many chamber instrumental and vocal cycles and separate pieces. From 1938 to 1948, Glière was chairman of the Organizational Committee of the Union of Soviet Composers of the USSR. He was awarded the State Prize of the USSR (1946, 1948, and 1950), three Orders of Lenin, two other orders, and various medals.

REFERENCES

Belza, I. F. R. M. Glier. Moscow, 1962.
Petrova, N. E. R. M. Glier, 1875-1956: Kratkii ocherk zhizni i tvorchestva. Leningrad, 1962.
R. M. Glier. Stat’i, Vospominaniia, Materialy, vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1965.

G. M. TSYPIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Williamson Art Gallery, Slatey Road, Birkenhead, until November 1 MUsiC Personal Message: Duo for Violin and Cello James Clark and Jonathan Aasgaard, two of the stars of the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic, perform intimate chamber music that had personal meaning for their Russian and Hungarian composers Gliere, Kodaly and Bartok.
Written by Reinhold Gliere, the ballet (originally created in 1927) celebrated the new Russian state as an emblem of progress and freedom.
Music director Anu Tali leads the orchestra in works by Sibelius, Gliere and Tchaikovsky (Symphony No.
The Gliere concerto, written in 1951, is a curious mix of late romantic stylings, some military ceremonialism and early 20th century neo-classicism.
Violinist Marja Gaynor and cellist Use de Ziah performed Ravel and Gliere, and the Galician poet Martin Veiga read a poem on language and materialism.
Clark Rundell conducts the RNCM Wind Ensemble in an entertaining programme of Russian military music by Gliere, Rimski-Korsakov and Shostakovitch.
Russian composer (born in Ukraine) Rienhold Gliere (1875-1956), perhaps best known for his 1927 ballet The Red Poppy, wrote his massive Third Symphony some sixteen years earlier, but he had already attained a remarkable maturity, if not creativity.
3 (Telarc)While other, greater, composers struggled to preserve their integrity and at the same time their lives during Stalinist oppression of the Soviet Union, Reinhold Gliere sailed on oblivious, his 'safe' music and accredited toeing of the party dogma line ensuring him success and approval.
In the first half, she played a wonderful Gliere Harp Concerto and I wanted the dress to match the beauty and essence of that music.
R Frummerie, Gunnar de Con Ganne, Louis R Gaubert, Philippe R Gershwin, George Con Ginastera, Alberto Con Glazounov, Alexander R Gliere, Reinhold R /Con Gluck, Willibald ChristopherC Godard, Benjamin R Goedicke, Alexandre R Golterman, Georg R Graeffe, F.
Harpist Elen also won pounds 750 for her performance of Impromptu by Albert Roussel for her solo piece and the harp concerto in E flat by Reinhold Mortitzovich Gliere.
The disc contains excerpts from works by Bach, Shostakovich, Mozart, Mussorgsky, Gliere, Messian, Palestrina, and others.