Valentin Glushko

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Valentin Glushko
Birthday
BirthplaceOdessa, Russian Empire
Died
NationalitySoviet Ukrainian
EducationLeningrad State University

Glushko, Valentin Petrovich

 

Born Aug. 20 (Sept. 2), 1908, in Odessa. Soviet scientist in the field of physical and technical problems of power engineering. Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1958; corresponding member 1953); twice Hero of Socialist Labor (1956 and 1961). Member of the CPSU since 1956.

Glushko became interested in problems of astronautics in 1923. He began to correspond with K. E. Tsiolkovskii in 1923, and since 1924 he has published popular-scientific and scientific works on astronautics. After completing his studies at Leningrad University (1925-29), he worked at the Gas Dynamics Laboratory. His main works are devoted to theoretical and experimental research on vital questions of the creation and development of liquid-fuel rocket engines. Glushko was the founder of Soviet rocket-engine construction and was one of the pioneers in rocket technology; he constructed the world’s first electrothermal rocket engine (1929-33) and the first Soviet liquid-fuel rocket engines (1930-31). He has constructed several types of liquid-fuel engines, including the ORM, ORM-l-ORM-102 (1930-38), and the RD-l-RD-3 (1939-46). In 1930 he proposed the use of nitric acid, solutions of nitrogen tetroxide in nitric acid, tetranitromethane, hydrogen peroxide, chloric acid, beryllium, and gunpowder with beryllium as components of liquid rocket fuel and devised a contoured nozzle and thermal insulation of the combustion chamber by means of zirconium dioxide. In 1931 he proposed chemical ignition and self-igniting fuel, as well as a gimbal suspension of liquid-fuel rocket engines to control the rocket’s flight. In 1931-33 he developed fuel-supply units for liquid-fuel engines—piston, turbine-pump with centrifugal pumps, and other types. Glushko was a deputy to the seventh and eighth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR; he has received the Lenin Prize (1957), the State Prize of the USSR (1967), three Orders of Lenin, the Order of the October Revolution, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor, and medals.

WORKS

Rakety, ikh ustroistvo i primenenie. Moscow-Leningrad, 1935. (With G. E. Langemak.)
Zhidkoe toplivo dlia reaktivnykh dvigatelei, part 1. Moscow, 1936.
Raketnaia tekhnika: Sb. st., fasc. 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6. Moscow-Leningrad, 1937 and other years.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Californian, who was best at 28-1 outright before play started last night in the season's concluding WTA tournament, begins her week with a clash against Julia Glushko.
After a first- round bye, Sania and Hingis beat Anna- Lena Friedsam and Monica Niculescu in the quarter- finals 6- 2, 6- 3, and then defeated Julia Glushko and Rebecca Peterson in the semi- finals 6- 3, 6- 4.
Glushko describes how "computer data began to be stored on magnetic tape and hard disk drives six decades ago, on floppy disks four decades ago, on CDs three decades ago, on DVDs two decades ago, on solid-state drives half-a-decade ago, and in 'cloud-based' or 'virtual' storage environments in the last decade.
19-Sabine Lisicki (Germany) beat Julia Glushko (Israel) 6-2 6-1
Bartoli, who called her triumph a "miracle", still took a bow in front of the crowd, and was clearly weeping as she waved to all corners, before making way for Lisicki to take on Julia Glushko, a Wimbledon debutant from Ukraine who quite predictably struggled with the occasion and slumped to a 6-2 6-1 loss.
Bartoli walked out moments before Lisicki and Glushko, and was accompanied by nine-year-old Elle Robus-Miller - a young player from the Elena Baltacha Academy of Tennis in Ipswich.
Bartoli, who watched the match between Sabine Lisicki, the German she defeated in 2013, and Israel's Julia Glushko, seated in the front-row Royal Box, also took to Twitter to express her emotions.
The top seeds edged out Julia Glushko (Israel) and Jovana Jaksic (Serbia) 7-6 6-7 13-11 in the semi-finals after showing their staying power.
Campaigner Kristina Glushko, mum of two and part time merchandiser from Chapelfields, said: "We go to rhyme time and then stay and play, and we stay for hours.
CENTRE COURT: 1pm: J Glushko (Isr) v (19) S LISICKI (Ger), M Klizan (Svk) v (2) R NADAL (Spa), (1) S WILLIAMS (USA) v Anna Tatishvili (USA)
Daniela Hantuchova (Slovakia) beat Julia Glushko (Israel) 3-6 7-5 7-6(4)