Valentin Glushko

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Valentin Glushko
Birthday
BirthplaceOdessa, Russian Empire
Died
NationalitySoviet Ukrainian
EducationLeningrad State University

Glushko, Valentin Petrovich

 

Born Aug. 20 (Sept. 2), 1908, in Odessa. Soviet scientist in the field of physical and technical problems of power engineering. Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1958; corresponding member 1953); twice Hero of Socialist Labor (1956 and 1961). Member of the CPSU since 1956.

Glushko became interested in problems of astronautics in 1923. He began to correspond with K. E. Tsiolkovskii in 1923, and since 1924 he has published popular-scientific and scientific works on astronautics. After completing his studies at Leningrad University (1925-29), he worked at the Gas Dynamics Laboratory. His main works are devoted to theoretical and experimental research on vital questions of the creation and development of liquid-fuel rocket engines. Glushko was the founder of Soviet rocket-engine construction and was one of the pioneers in rocket technology; he constructed the world’s first electrothermal rocket engine (1929-33) and the first Soviet liquid-fuel rocket engines (1930-31). He has constructed several types of liquid-fuel engines, including the ORM, ORM-l-ORM-102 (1930-38), and the RD-l-RD-3 (1939-46). In 1930 he proposed the use of nitric acid, solutions of nitrogen tetroxide in nitric acid, tetranitromethane, hydrogen peroxide, chloric acid, beryllium, and gunpowder with beryllium as components of liquid rocket fuel and devised a contoured nozzle and thermal insulation of the combustion chamber by means of zirconium dioxide. In 1931 he proposed chemical ignition and self-igniting fuel, as well as a gimbal suspension of liquid-fuel rocket engines to control the rocket’s flight. In 1931-33 he developed fuel-supply units for liquid-fuel engines—piston, turbine-pump with centrifugal pumps, and other types. Glushko was a deputy to the seventh and eighth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR; he has received the Lenin Prize (1957), the State Prize of the USSR (1967), three Orders of Lenin, the Order of the October Revolution, the Order of the Red Banner of Labor, and medals.

WORKS

Rakety, ikh ustroistvo i primenenie. Moscow-Leningrad, 1935. (With G. E. Langemak.)
Zhidkoe toplivo dlia reaktivnykh dvigatelei, part 1. Moscow, 1936.
Raketnaia tekhnika: Sb. st., fasc. 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6. Moscow-Leningrad, 1937 and other years.
References in periodicals archive ?
Address : Belarus, Gomel region, as well as Lyaskovichi, 247946, Gomel region, Petrykivsky district, as well as Lyaskovichi, Sasha Glushko str.
Korolev has done this kind of thing, and so did [rocket engine designer Valentin] Glushko.
Glushko, on the highlands just west of southern Oceanus Procellarum, sits near the Moon's western limb and is difficult for telescopic observers to see into.
Como las companias proveedoras del regimen norcoreano--Isayev y Makeyevno estan asociadas a tales motores, Elleman dice haber realizado una "investigacion exhaustiva" y encontrado una firma que pudo proporcionar un motor con las caracteristicas especificas: Energomash VP Glushko, que alguna vez fue la oficina estatal sovietica de diseno experimental de misiles, fabricante del RD-250.
I am also indebted to Ty Alper, Laura Appleman, David Ball, Ryan Calo, Edward Cheng, Catherine Crump, David Engstrom, Dan Farber, Brandon Garrett, Andrew Gilden, Robert Glushko, Chris Hoofnagle, Edward Imwinkelried, Elizabeth Joh, Owen Jones, Robert MacCoun, Jennifer Mnookin, Deirdre Mulligan, Melissa Murray, John Paul Reichmuth, Pamela Samuelson, Jonathan Simon, Aaron Simowitz, Christopher Slobogin, Avani Mehta Sood, Rachel Stern, Karen Tani, Kate Weisburd, Charles Weisselberg, Rebecca Wexler, Tal Zarsky, the Berkeley Law junior faculty, and participants in the Berkeley, Stanford, Vanderbilt, and Willamette faculty workshops.
McDowell, John Holmes, Carlos Fernandez, and Patricia Glushko.
Christina McHale was another American winner, overcoming Mexican wildcard Victoria Rodriguez 6-0 6-4, while Kirsten Flipkens beat Francesca Schiavone 6-3 7-6 (7/5) and Julia Glushko saw off Alexandra Dulgheru 6-1 6-1.
and POC executives Romy Magat and Celia Kiram discussed the country's participation in the Games scheduled July 5 to 17 with Children of Asia International Committee president Dmitry Glushko and secretary general Sergei Khatylykov who visited Manila and Cebu recently.
The Californian, who was best at 28-1 outright before play started last night in the season's concluding WTA tournament, begins her week with a clash against Julia Glushko.
After a first- round bye, Sania and Hingis beat Anna- Lena Friedsam and Monica Niculescu in the quarter- finals 6- 2, 6- 3, and then defeated Julia Glushko and Rebecca Peterson in the semi- finals 6- 3, 6- 4.
Glushko describes how "computer data began to be stored on magnetic tape and hard disk drives six decades ago, on floppy disks four decades ago, on CDs three decades ago, on DVDs two decades ago, on solid-state drives half-a-decade ago, and in 'cloud-based' or 'virtual' storage environments in the last decade.
Campaigner Kristina Glushko, mum of two and part time merchandiser from Chapelfields, said: "We go to rhyme time and then stay and play, and we stay for hours.