Goa


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Goa

(gō`ə), state (2001 provisional pop. 1,343,998), c.1,430 sq mi (3,700 sq km), W India, on the Malabar coast. A former Portuguese colony and Indian union territory, Goa became a state in 1987. The capital is Panaji (Panjim). The chief products are rice, cashew nuts, and coconuts. There is a growing manufacturing sector and tourism (including casino gambling) is also important to the economy. The languages spoken there are Portuguese, English, Marathi, and Konkani, a dialect. About 35% of the region's population is Roman Catholic; the rest are mostly Hindu.

Long a famous port, Goa was known to Arab seafarers. It had been ruled by Kandamba dynasty for more than a millennium when it was conquered by Muslim forces in 1312. Goa became part of the Hindu kingdom of VijayanagarVijayanagar
[Sanskrit,=city of victory], ruined city, SE India. It was the capital (14th–16th cent.) of the Hindu Vijayanagar empire, which embraced all India S of the Kistna River and shielded S India from the Muslim kingdoms of the north.
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 in 1370 but was recaptured by Muslims 100 years later. The Portuguese under Afonso de AlbuquerqueAlbuquerque, Afonso de
, 1453–1515, Portuguese admiral, the effective founder of the Portuguese Empire in the East. He first went to India in 1503, and in 1506 he set out for India again, to assume command from Francisco de Almeida in command.
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 annexed it in 1510 from territory belonging to the sultan of Bijapur. Goa was invaded by Indian troops in 1961 and incorporated into India in 1962.

Old Goa, the original capital, was a prosperous port city in the late 16th cent. A cathedral, churches, and several palaces survive from this period. The most notable structure is the Church of Bom Jesus, with its tomb of St. Francis Xavier, who did missionary work in the region (1542–52). In 1842, Panjim was built to replace Old Goa as capital.

Goa

a state on the W coast of India: a Portuguese overseas territory from 1510 until annexed by India in 1961. Pop.: 1 343 998 (2001). Area: 3702 sq. km (1430 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
A minute later, Goa drew level, this time Romeo making a fine run on the right to meet Reinaldo Oliveira's inchperfect cross after Jofre had done well to split the defence.
But Reinaldo pulled one back in the 65th minute and Victor Simoes converted from the spot as FC Goa brought some respectability to the scoreline.
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The charitable wing of the Goa Church this week urged those behind drawing up the master plan to include a ban on casinos and massage parlours in their recommendations.
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Anoop Prakash, managing director, Harley Davidson India, said, 'We are proud to make inroads into Goa through the launch of our 12th dealership in the country.
The famous investigative magazine tweeted, "Statement: The Goa Police was at the Tehelka office for eight hours yesterday for Managing Editor Shoma Chaudhury's deposition.
An evening with a historian on Day 1, where you are taken through a virtual tour of Old Goa and the life of St.
Why: The whole world's a party in Goa during 'season', which is basically December-January, with the last week of the year becoming the peak party time.
Goa is also putting things in order to curb illegalities in the tourism sector.
There was a greater Goan fight for freedom than India realized, with many more freedom fighters being imprisoned in Goa than in India.
Fact Filen Gregg Fray spent eight days in Goa as a guest with specialist tour operator Jewel In The Crown Holidays.