Goa

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Goa

(gō`ə), state (2001 provisional pop. 1,343,998), c.1,430 sq mi (3,700 sq km), W India, on the Malabar coast. A former Portuguese colony and Indian union territory, Goa became a state in 1987. The capital is Panaji (Panjim). The chief products are rice, cashew nuts, and coconuts. There is a growing manufacturing sector and tourism (including casino gambling) is also important to the economy. The languages spoken there are Portuguese, English, Marathi, and Konkani, a dialect. About 35% of the region's population is Roman Catholic; the rest are mostly Hindu.

Long a famous port, Goa was known to Arab seafarers. It had been ruled by Kandamba dynasty for more than a millennium when it was conquered by Muslim forces in 1312. Goa became part of the Hindu kingdom of VijayanagarVijayanagar
[Sanskrit,=city of victory], ruined city, SE India. It was the capital (14th–16th cent.) of the Hindu Vijayanagar empire, which embraced all India S of the Kistna River and shielded S India from the Muslim kingdoms of the north.
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 in 1370 but was recaptured by Muslims 100 years later. The Portuguese under Afonso de AlbuquerqueAlbuquerque, Afonso de
, 1453–1515, Portuguese admiral, the effective founder of the Portuguese Empire in the East. He first went to India in 1503, and in 1506 he set out for India again, to assume command from Francisco de Almeida in command.
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 annexed it in 1510 from territory belonging to the sultan of Bijapur. Goa was invaded by Indian troops in 1961 and incorporated into India in 1962.

Old Goa, the original capital, was a prosperous port city in the late 16th cent. A cathedral, churches, and several palaces survive from this period. The most notable structure is the Church of Bom Jesus, with its tomb of St. Francis Xavier, who did missionary work in the region (1542–52). In 1842, Panjim was built to replace Old Goa as capital.

Goa

a state on the W coast of India: a Portuguese overseas territory from 1510 until annexed by India in 1961. Pop.: 1 343 998 (2001). Area: 3702 sq. km (1430 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
It's estimated that more than 10,000 Goans now reside in the greater Toronto area, making it one of the largest Goan communities outside India.
Many Goans felt the need to go in search of greener pastures to Delhi, Calcutta, Srinagar and other places.
The Goan band 'The Syndicate,' featuring Paul D'Souza on the drums, Diego Fernandes on the bass and vocals, Adrian Pereira on lead guitar and Darryl Rodrigues, supported singers Raul D'Mello and Sharon Rodrigues.
It means providing first-hand knowledge of Goa to strengthen the bond between Goa and overseas Goans.
About 250 Goans from all over the world, and more particularly those residing in the GCC countries, attended the convention on Thursday and Friday.
Shetty is close to endorsing a colonial stereotype: that Goans lack the imagination to create complex art.
It took over two decades for Goans to re-adopt and embrace Indian dress.
The organisers said theirs is a forum working on the principle of no-profit and their intention is to host social, cultural and sports events for the Goan community.
Goans who cannot attend the convention but wish to attend this session only should phone 99008931.
Coutinho's work reads like a novel with the narrator holding conversations with dead historians, with himself, and with the poet Camoens, who says, "And like the Greeks, Goans also believe that something great has happened on their exiguous soil, though they are hard put to say exactly what it is.
A WELL-KNOWN member of the Goan community is returning home after living in Bahrain for 22 years.
Goans were pioneers in introducing bread in places like Bombay in the 19th century.