Göbekli Tepe

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Göbekli Tepe,

Neolithic site in SE Turkey, c. 9 mi (15 km) NE of Şanlıurfa, that dates to c.11,000 B.C. or earlier. Although previously known, it was first recognized as a Neolithic site in 1994 by German archaeologist Klaus Schmidt, who began excavating there the following year. Göbekli Tepe consists a number of circular or oval structures on a hilltop that rises 1,000 ft (300 m) above a valley; the structures do not appear to associated with human habitation but rather with a religious or ritual purpose. Those excavated to date generally have two monumental, T-shaped limestone slabs in an enclosure surrounded by more T-shaped slabs set into stone walls. The monolithic slabs, which were quarried nearby, range from 9–10 ft (2,5–3 m) high along the walls to up to 18 ft (5.5 m) for the central pillars and are decorated with carvings that depict animals (most commonly dangerous ones), symbols, and scenes. The structures were preserved because they were later intentionally backfilled and buried sometime after 8000 B.C. Such structures and the societal organization required to construct them have previously been assumed to have required a hierarchical agricultural society, but those at Göbekli Tepe were apparently built by hunter-gatherers.
References in periodicals archive ?
Point of Origin: Gobekli Tepe and the Spiritual Matrix for the World's Cosmologies should be in the collection of any reader of new age ancient mysteries and cultures spirituality, and focuses on the carved images on Gobekli Tepe's stone pillars and how their symbols relate to ancient images from Egyptians, Tibetans, and Chinese.
Turkey is, of course, the locus of a series of world-famous field projects, such as those at Catalhoyuk and Gobekli Tepe, and they featured prominently in the programme and in the pre- and post-conference excursions.
45: T1 Data Romeo 5-1, T2 Gobekli Tepe 12-1, T3 Young Golden 6-1, T4 Forest Oscar 9-2, T5 King Spencer 9-2, T6 Roxholme Ted 5-4.
The choices of specific sites are telling, if mainstream: Giza (the Pyramids), Gobekli Tepe, Turkey (perhaps the earliest traces of organized religion, over 11000 years old), Pacific Islands, Cusco Valley (the Inca civilization), and Angkor Wat.
Djonis, the recent archaeological discoveries of Gobekli Tepe in Turkey (circa 10000 BC), and the find of a 10,000-year-old sunken city off the coast of West India in the Gulf of Cambay, established that 10 millennia ago, humans were significantly more advanced than previously thought.
From humankind's oldest monuments: Gobekli Tepe and Malta's Hypogeum to Stonehenge and Newgrange, to Chavin de Huantar and Mayan pyramids in the New World -- researchers around the globe note unusual sound behavior in the world's sacred places.
Ted Banning says that the buildings found at Gobekli Tepe may have been houses for people, not the gods.
Marc Verhoeven brings the topic of "Neolithic complexity" up to date, citing the recent work in Eastern Anatolia at sites like Gobekli Tepe, and noting rituals in early Japan and among hunter-gatherers.
2011), or in the PPNA levels of Gobekli Tepe (first half of the tenth millennium to first half of the ninth millennium cal BC; Dietrich 2011).
Similar to the famous Stonehenge in England, Gobekli Tepe also has circles of stone pillars.
According to a report in the Smithsonian magazine, the discovery was made by Klaus Schmidt of the German Archaeological Institute, at Gobekli Tepe in southeastern Turkey.