Hounsfield, Sir Godfrey Newbold

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Hounsfield, Sir Godfrey Newbold,

1919–2004, British electrical engineer. A radar expert for the Royal Air Force during World War II, in the 1950s Hounsfield began developing computer and X-ray technology for EMI, Ltd., an international electronics and entertainment corporation. He built the prototype for the first CAT scanCAT scan
[computerized axial tomography], X-ray technique that allows relatively safe, painless, and rapid diagnosis in previously inaccessible areas of the body; also called CT scan.
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 machine, which originally was designed to produce detailed images of cross-sections of the human head, in 1972. For this innovation he shared the 1979 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Allan CormackCormack, Allan MacLeod
, 1924–98, American physicist, b. Johannesburg, South Africa. After studying at the Univ. of Cape Town (B.S. physics, 1944, M.S. crystallography, 1945), Cambridge, and Harvard, Cormack became a professor at Tufts Univ. in 1958.
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, who had independently derived and published the mathematical basis of CAT scanning in 1963–64. Hounsfield was knighted in 1981.
References in periodicals archive ?
The first commercially viable CT scanner was invented by Sir Godfrey Hounsfield in London, where the first brain scan in the world was carried out in October 1971.
Godfrey Hounsfield reports the use of computed tomography scanning to create cross-sectional X-ray images of body tissues (9/1/73, p.
Sir Godfrey Hounsfield of England invented the CT, or computerized tomography, scan in 1967 and unveiled it to the world in 1972.
In 1979 Allan MacLeod Cormack was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine, jointly with Godfrey Hounsfield.
One of the most successful implementations has been the x-ray computed tomographic scanner, or CAT scan--the algorithms of which were the basis for its developer Godfrey Hounsfield to receive a Nobel Prize.