Goering, Hermann Wilhelm

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Goering or Göring, Hermann Wilhelm

(both: hĕr`män vĭl`hĕlm gö`rĭng), 1893–1946, German National Socialist leader. In World War I he was a hero of the German air force. An early member of the Nazi party, he participated (1923) with Hitler in the Munich "beer-hall putsch" and after its failure escaped eventually to Sweden, where he stayed until 1927. On his return he reestablished contact with Hitler and was elected (1928) to the Reichstag, of which he became president in 1932. When Hitler came to power (1933) he made Goering air minister of Germany and prime minister and interior minister of Prussia. Until 1936 Goering headed the Gestapo (secret police), which he had founded. He became director of Hitler's four-year economic plan in 1936, supplanted Hjalmar Schacht as minister of economy in 1937, and was virtual dictator over the German economy until 1943. Goering was responsible for the German rearmament program and especially for the creation of the German air force. In 1939 Hitler designated Goering as his successor and in 1940 made him marshal of the empire, a unique rank. Goering was notorious for his love of high-sounding titles, of extraordinary uniforms, of pageantry, and of voluntary or enforced gifts. In later years he spent more and more time at his palatial estate and was addicted to narcotics. Behind his facade of good humor he hid a vindictive temperament. In World War II he was responsible for the total air war waged by Germany; his immense popularity in Germany declined after the Allied air forces, contrary to Goering's emphatic predictions, began to lay Germany to waste. From 1943 on, Hitler deprived him of all formal authority and finally dismissed him shortly before the end of the war, when Goering attempted to claim his right of succession. He surrendered (May, 1945) to American troops and was the chief defendant at the Nuremberg trial for war crimes (1945–46). He defended himself with brilliant cynicism but was convicted and sentenced to death. Two hours before his scheduled hanging, he committed suicide by swallowing a poison capsule.


See biographies by C. H. Bewley (1962), R. Manvell, and H. Fraenkel (1962, repr. 1972), A. Lee (1972), and L. Mosley (1974).

References in periodicals archive ?
Goering commissioned portraits of his wife, mistress and himself in the early 1930s, but the result led Goth to leave Germany just as the Nazis were coming to power.
It is, however, unclear how another Goering carpet ended up in the chancellor's office in Berlin.
He said: "Before they troop through the politically correct Lobby, brimming with self-righteous bile and spiteful prejudice, they should remember the unhappy precedent of 1936 when the revolting Hermann Goering persuaded Hitler to ban hunting.
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SS monster Himmler poisoned himself after British troops captured him and Goering took cyanide to cheat the hangman after the Nuremberg trials.
Flottman is one of the original Core Members of the Goering Center.
His more relevant role in organizing the concentration camps is barely discussed although we get a glimpse of Bettina Goering watching the 2000 TV movie Nuremberg, in which Brian Cox played her great-uncle on trial after the war.
Goering, the high-ranking Nazi who killed himself before he could be executed.
During the 600mph dive the wailing din was frightening but the horizontal speed was only about half that, so a technician got a message through to Colonel Chief Marshal Goering explaining that the removal of the siren would slightly improve speed and fuel consumption and this is what they did.
C[pounds sterling]CyOne day,CO Hitler used to say, CyMrs Goering came into the bedchamber and found her husband waving his Field MarshallCOs baton over his underwear.
Joseph Goering engages the debates surrounding the meaning and origin of the Grail with a suggestive historical account of how art, literature, political alliances, warfare, and human spiritual aspiration may have converged in the twelfth century to invest one enigmatic object with an inspirational power that lasts into our own time.
Van Gerpen is head of the Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering at the University of Idaho, Peterson is professor emeritus at the University of Idaho, and Goering is professor emeritus at the University of Illinois.