Vincent van Gogh

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Gogh, Vincent Van:

see Van Gogh, VincentVan Gogh, Vincent
, 1853–90, postimpressionist painter, b. the Netherlands. Van Gogh's works are perhaps better known generally than those of any other painter. His brief, turbulent, and tragic life is thought to epitomize the mad genius legend.
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Van Gogh, Vincent

(văn gō, Dutch vĭnsĕnt` vän khôkh), 1853–90, postimpressionist painter, b. the Netherlands. Van Gogh's works are perhaps better known generally than those of any other painter. His brief, turbulent, and tragic life is thought to epitomize the mad genius legend.

During his lifetime, Van Gogh's work was represented in two very small exhibitions and two larger ones. Only one of Van Gogh's paintings was sold while he lived. The great majority of the works by which he is remembered were produced in 29 months of frenzied activity and intermittent bouts with epileptoid seizures and profound despair that finally ended in suicide. In his grim struggle Vincent had one constant ally and support, his younger brother Théo, to whom he wrote revealing and extraordinarily beautiful letters detailing his conflicts and aspirations. As a youth Van Gogh worked for a picture dealer, antagonizing customers until he was dismissed. Compulsively humanitarian, he tried to preach to oppressed mining families and was jeered at. His difficult, contradictory personality was rejected by the women he fell in love with, and his few friendships usually ended in bitter arguments.

Ten years before his death Van Gogh decided to be a painter, fully conscious of the sacrifices this decision would require of him. His early work, the Dutch period of 1880–85, consists of dark greenish-brown, heavily painted studies of peasants and miners, e.g., The Potato Eaters (1885; Van Gogh Mus., Amsterdam). He copied the work of Millet, whose idealization of the rural poor he admired. In 1886 he joined Théo in Paris, where he met the foremost French painters of the postimpressionist period. The kindly Pissarro convinced him to adopt a colorful palette and thereby made a tremendously significant contribution to Van Gogh's art. His painting Père Tanguy (1887; Niarchos Coll., Paris) was the first complete and successful work in his new colors. Impressed by the theories of Seurat and Signac, Van Gogh briefly adopted a pointillist style.

In 1888, in ill health and longing for release from Paris and what he felt was his imposition upon Théo's life, he took a house at Arles. At Arles he was joined by Gauguin for a brief period fraught with tension, during which he mutilated his left ear in the course of his first attack of dementia. His paintings from this period include the incomparable series of sunflowers (1888; one version: National Gall., London); The Night Café (Yale Univ.); and The Public Gardens in Arles (Phillips Coll., Washington, D.C.). During his illness he was confined first to the Arles Hospital, then to the asylum at Saint-Rémy, where, in 1889, he painted the swirling, climactic Starry Night (Mus. of Modern Art, New York City).

Van Gogh's last three months were spent in Auvers near Pissarro, painting the postman Roulin and the sympathetic, eccentric Dr. Gachet, a physician and collector who watched over him. Vincent's consciousness of his burden upon Théo, by then married and a father, increased. His work tempo was pushed to the limit; one of his last paintings, Wheat Field With Crows (Van Gogh Foundation, Amsterdam), projected ominous overtones of distress. He despaired and shot himself, dying two days later in the arms of his brother. Théo died shortly thereafter.

Bibliography

See his works ed. by J. B. de la Faille (rev. ed. 1970); his Complete Letters (tr. 1958) and Vincent van Gogh: The Letters: The Complete Illustrated and Annotated Edition (ed. by L. Jansen et al., 6 vol., 2010); see biographies by D. Sweetman (1990) and S. Naifeh and G. W. Smith (2011); studies by J. Leymarie (1968), M. E. Tralbaut (1969), R. J. Philpott (1984), and R. Pickvance (1984); L. Jansen et al., The Real Van Gogh: The Artist and His Letters (museum catalog, 2010).

References in periodicals archive ?
Running for 44 days, until April 23, at Dubai's creative hub d3, the unique exhibition gives visitors more than a peek into the enduring legacy of artist Vincent van Gogh, the Dutch Post-Impressionist painter often considered amongst the most influential figures in Western art history.
The two drawings are obviously by the same hand, and in style related to the model drawings that Van Gogh made early in 1886, first in Antwerp and then in Paris at Cormon's studio," said Teio Meedendorp, researcher at the Van Gogh Museum.
This isn't the first time Van Gogh and his works are gracing the UAE - the troubled artist's Self Portrait is currently on display at the Louvre, Abu Dhabi on loan from France's Muse d'Orsay, and 3D-print copies of Van Gogh's works were on display at Fairmont The Palm in 2015 as part of The Relievo Collection .
Platica que quien tuvo la idea de crear una cinta sobre Van Gogh fue la directora polaca Dorota Kobiela:
Instructively, even the actor tapped to play Van Gogh (Robert Gulaczyk) isn't able to avoid being diminished in impact by the artistic frenzy boiling and roiling all around him-which makes Booth's 'survival' all the more noteworthy.
Van Gogh lived a stormy life, and in many times he was dominated with mania and mental disorders.
Just a few hours before Van Gogh cut his ear he received a letter from Paris," he wrote in "Studio of the South," (http://www.
Axel Ruger, director of Amsterdam's Van Gogh Museum, said: "It is a great day for us to see the works and to know that they are safe.
The Van Gogh Museum said they had been removed from their frames but appear to have suffered only slight damage.
Based on complex materials-technical research, librarians will find this app to be an excellent way to immerse youth in the works of Van Gogh.
Gogh Solutions is a growing field service management (FSM) consultancy that brings a holistic perspective towards field service management.
The event has been inspired by a multimedia exhibition about Van Gogh created by a Bahraini father and his two children.