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a Korean tribe; later, the name of one of three early feudal states (Koguryo, Paekche, and Silla).

By the first century A.D., the Koguryo (or Guryo) tribe occupied the territory along the middle course of the Amnok (Yalu) River. The first detailed description of the tribe was given in a Chinese dynastic history (San kuo chih, third century A.D.). During the period of the decay of primitive communal relations and the emergence of classes, iron implements were widespread among the Koguryo. Feudal relations based on royal ownership of the land gradually developed. The Koguryo capital was located in the city of Hwangdo (modern Chi-an, in northeastern China); at the beginning of the fifth century, it was moved to Pyongyang. Koguryo attained its greatest power at the end of the fourth century. In 612, Koguryo repelled an assault by the Sui dynasty. In 668, Koguryo was defeated by the T’ang dynasty, which mounted an attack together with Silla. The T’ang dynasty seized the lands north of the Taedong River, while the southern territory was taken over by Silla.

Archaeological remains and examples of the fine arts bear witness to the highly developed and unique culture of the Koguryo.


Dzharylgasinova, R. Sh. Drevnie kogurestsy. Moscow, 1972.
Istoriia Korei, vol. 1. Moscow, 1960. (Translated from Korean.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Compiled by Kim Bu-sik in 1145, the book mainly deals with political turmoil of the Three Kingdoms _ Silla, Goguryeo and Baekjae _ which ran from 57 B.
And both are long familiar with China's assertions of superiority and dominance over the peninsula, as evidenced by the grand controversy that erupted between Beijing and Seoul in 2004 over the origins and historical legacy of the Goguryeo Kingdom (37 BC-AD 668) (Gries 2005).
Park Ah-rim's essay on the pigments employed in Goguryeo murals follows.
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58) The ongoing controversy between China and South Korea on an ancient Kingdom of Goguryeo can be seen as part of a process of mutually creating new national identities among the peoples in the region.
From some two thousand years ago until the year 676, the Korean people comprised three kingdoms, namely Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla, the last of which defeated the other two in 676.
Later, in 313 CE, northern Korea was lost to the Goguryeo [[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], non-Sinitic etymology] Kingdom (37BCE~668CE)}.
Supposing the periods of the Huns and Gojoseon, and the Gokturks and Goguryeo were when the first contacts between Koreans and Turkic people occurred, the recent contacts between the two groups of people took place in the 1950s.
A newly hatched war positions the small southern Korean state of Shilla in a dangerous alliance with China's Tang dynasty against the large northern state of Goguryeo, the film bitterly parodying North/ South Korean relations in general and specific terms.
The problem is that Korea considers Goguryeo to be an integral part of its own national history: rooms are dedicated to it in museums, books published on it, and exhibitions of its art commonly held.
For a typical example, in the latter half of the fourth century, King Kwanggaeto of Goguryeo attacked and conquered Baekje by effective use of naval forces.
During the time of the Roman Empire, the Goguryeo Kingdom (37 B.