Koguryo

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Koguryo

 

a Korean tribe; later, the name of one of three early feudal states (Koguryo, Paekche, and Silla).

By the first century A.D., the Koguryo (or Guryo) tribe occupied the territory along the middle course of the Amnok (Yalu) River. The first detailed description of the tribe was given in a Chinese dynastic history (San kuo chih, third century A.D.). During the period of the decay of primitive communal relations and the emergence of classes, iron implements were widespread among the Koguryo. Feudal relations based on royal ownership of the land gradually developed. The Koguryo capital was located in the city of Hwangdo (modern Chi-an, in northeastern China); at the beginning of the fifth century, it was moved to Pyongyang. Koguryo attained its greatest power at the end of the fourth century. In 612, Koguryo repelled an assault by the Sui dynasty. In 668, Koguryo was defeated by the T’ang dynasty, which mounted an attack together with Silla. The T’ang dynasty seized the lands north of the Taedong River, while the southern territory was taken over by Silla.

Archaeological remains and examples of the fine arts bear witness to the highly developed and unique culture of the Koguryo.

REFERENCES

Dzharylgasinova, R. Sh. Drevnie kogurestsy. Moscow, 1972.
Istoriia Korei, vol. 1. Moscow, 1960. (Translated from Korean.)
References in periodicals archive ?
From some two thousand years ago until the year 676, the Korean people comprised three kingdoms, namely Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla, the last of which defeated the other two in 676.
Later, in 313 CE, northern Korea was lost to the Goguryeo [[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], non-Sinitic etymology] Kingdom (37BCE~668CE)}.
In 612, the Sui Empire lost the war in the name of recovering the territories of LiaoDong [[TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], 'east of Liao River'] (the eastern part of near north-east China, occupied by the Goguryeo Kingdom (37BCE~668CE) since 404) and northern Korea (occupied by Goguryeo since 313).
The problem is that Korea considers Goguryeo to be an integral part of its own national history: rooms are dedicated to it in museums, books published on it, and exhibitions of its art commonly held.
For a typical example, in the latter half of the fourth century, King Kwanggaeto of Goguryeo attacked and conquered Baekje by effective use of naval forces.
Seoul, July 22 (ANI): Remnants that are believed to be from Korea's ancient Goguryeo Kingdom (37 BC-668) have been discovered for the first time in the far eastern part of Russia, from the excavation site of Kraskino fortress near the Posiet Bay close to Tumen River.
Meanwhile, earlier this year the same advertiser put up a full-page ad in the New York Times over a dispute on the history of an ancient state, called Goguryeo, whose territory covered most of the Korean Peninsula and parts of northeastern China.
Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) to proceed with work to register a Goguryeo tomb and mural complex in a Pyongyang suburb as a U.
The Three Kingdoms era in Korea refers to the period in which three kingdoms - Goguryeo, Baekje and Silla - ruled the country.
Silla was the first to unify the Korean peninsula by securing the aid of the Tang Dynasty to conquer her two rivals, Goguryeo and Baekje.
Hirayama, president of Tokyo National University of Fine Arts and Music, is scheduled to arrive in Pyongyang on Tuesday as a UNESCO goodwill ambassador to proceed with work to register a Goguryeo tomb and mural complex in a Pyongyang suburb as a U.
Contract awarded for Goguryeo waterside theme town planning feasibility studies and basic planning services