Golan Heights


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Golan Heights,

strategic upland region (2003 est. pop. 10,500), c.500 sq mi (1,250 sq km), SW Syria. It borders S Lebanon, NE Israel, and NW Jordan. It takes its name from the ancient city of GolanGolan
, in the Bible, refuge city, located in the tribal territory of Manasseh E of the Jordan; it was also a levitical city. Golan gives its name to the rocky plateau known as the Golan Heights.
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 and was known as Gaulanitis in New Testament times. It is a rocky plateau overlooking Israel where elevations range from c.6,500 ft (2,000 m) in the north to below sea level along the Sea of Galilee (Lake Tiberias) and the Yarmuk River in the south. The Golan Heights were fortified and used for artillery attacks on Israel after 1948. The region was captured by Israel during the Six-Day War in 1967 (see Arab-Israeli WarsArab-Israeli Wars,
conflicts in 1948–49, 1956, 1967, 1973–74, and 1982 between Israel and the Arab states. Tensions between Israel and the Arabs have been complicated and heightened by the political, strategic, and economic interests in the area of the great powers.
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) and formally annexed by Israel in 1981, an act that was not recognized internationally. A number of Israeli settlements have been established in the area; the region has become an important source of water for Israel. Ultimate control of the Golan Heights has been a stumbling block to Israeli-Syrian peace talks.
References in periodicals archive ?
IDF forces patrol near the Golan Heights (AFP/FILE)
People in the occupied parts of Syria's Golan Heights held a protest to condemn what they called Israel's support for anti-Damascus terrorists in Early November.
IDF tweeted, "Moments ago, the IDF used a Patriot Missile to intercept a UAV that attempted to infiltrate Israeli airspace in the Golan Heights.
IDF spokesperson Ronen Manelis said in a statement that the IDF would stand by the Druze population in the Golan Heights.
Israel's actions on the Golan Heights are subject to international humanitarian law.
Mei Golan Water Cooperative is a water cooperative of agricultural settlements in Israel's Golan Heights,
During the first Cabinet meeting held in the territory in April, Israeli Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu said the Golan Heights will remain permanently under his country's control.
Furthermore, several voices in Israel began calling not only to encourage the partitioning of Syria, but also to demand the international community, particularly the United States, Russia and the European Union (EU), to recognise Israel's annexation of the occupied Golan Heights and grant it international legitimacy.
The Council members expressed their deep concern over recent Israeli statements about the Golan, and stressed that the status of the Golan remains unchanged, China's UN Ambassador Liu Jieyi, who is this month president of the 15-nation Security Council, said after a closed-door meeting on the Golan Heights in New York on Tuesday.
The statement was seen as a message to the world powers that the Golan Heights will not be a bargaining chip in any agreements made regarding the Syrian war.
The statement was issued in response to comments made last week by Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, who, during a cabinet meeting in a Jewish settlement in the Golan Heights, said that the region has been "an integral part of the land of Israel since ancient times" and would remain so.
A few days later, Republican presidential candidate Ted Cruz echoed Netanyahu's claim, saying that the government of Israel had merely "reiterated the reality that the Golan Heights are part of Israel's sovereign territory.