Goldstone bosons

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Goldstone bosons

[′gōl‚stōn ′bō‚sänz]
(physics)
Particles with zero mass and zero spin which accompany spontaneous breaking of exact fundamental symmetries.
References in periodicals archive ?
His topics include symmetries and conservation laws, tensors and tensor operations, special relativity and the physical particle states, spontaneous symmetry breaking and the unification of the electromagnetic and weak forces, the Goldstone theorem and the consequent emergence of nonlinearity transforming massless Goldstone bosons, the simple sphere, and beyond the standard model.