Golova

Golova

 

the name of military and administrative positions in Russia in the 16th and 17th centuries.

The military posts included the sotennyi golova, the chief of a 100-man unit (sotnia) in the dvorianstvo (nobility or gentry) militia: the streletskii golova (colonel from the second half of the 17th century), the chief of the Streletskii Prikaz (the office administering the semiprofessional musketeers); the cossack golova; the pushkarskii golova (head of a detail of soldiers), the chief of city artillery; the oboznyi golova, in charge of transportation; the osadnyi golova, who prepared the city for a siege; the zasechnyi golova, in charge of defense lines; the stanitsa (storozhevoi) golova, the chief of a border (frontier) detachment; and the stoialyi golova, the chief of sentry service in the borderlands of the state. The government usually appointed dvoriane and deti boiarskie (second-rank nobility) to the golova posts.

The administrative and financial posts included the zhit-nichnyi golova, in charge of the collection of grain for the salary of military people; the ob‘ ’ezzhyi golova, in charge of the police of a city; the pis’mennyi golova, an assistant to the voevody (provincial governors) in Astrakhan and the cities of Siberia and later in charge of the chancellory; the solianoi golova, in charge of the state treasury’s salt works; and the tamozhennyi golova and kabatskii golova, in charge of the collection of customs and liquor duties. The golova posts existed until the beginning of the 18th century. The position of gorodskoi golova (mayor) appeared in Russia with the Charter of the Cities of 1785.

REFERENCES

Chicherin, B. Oblastnye uchrezhdeniia Rossii ν XVII v. Moscow, 1856.
Chernov, A. V. Vooruzhennye sily Russkogo gosudarslva XV-XVII vv. Moscow. 1954.
References in periodicals archive ?
Buenos Aires: Talleres Graficos de la Editorial Golova, 1938.
49) Asociacion de Jefes de Propaganda de Buenos Aires, Sintesis publicitaria 1938 (Buenos Aires: Talleres Graficos de la Editorial Golova, 1938), 89.
However, though A Priceless Head (Betsennaia golova, Boris Barnet, 1942) did include a Jewish character, reviewers omitted his presence because they "lacked any clearly acceptable way to discuss this dimension" (86).
And there is a Soviet Jewish engineer, who is embarrassed when Glatstein compliments him on his "Yevreskaya golova, a Jewish head
Skovoroda, "De Libertate," PZT, I, 91; "Basny Khar'kovskija: Basnja 8, Golova y Tulub," PZT, I, 112.
1), has 17 districts (Akincilar, Altinyayla, Divrigi, Dogansar, Gemerek, Gurun, Golova, Hafik, Imranli, Kangal, Koyulhisar, Susehri, Sarkisla, Ulas, Yildizeli, Zara, and the City Centre), 38 municipalities, 1,246 villages, and 721 sub-village settlements.
peresekla dorogu, ronyaya k nogam neznakomtsa kurinuyu vnutrennost'; litso moego neznakomtsa peredernula sudoroga, golova zhe nervno zakinulas', obnaruzhiv nezhnuyu sheyu.
gen] phrase is an indisputable SSynt-actant--an oblique object: U Peti bolit golova, lit.
In late winter 1988-89, Konyukhov studied seabirds wintering in the Sireniki polynya, an important site for wintering seabirds, and conducted seabird surveys from Cape Yagnochymlo to Cape Lysaya Golova.
67) They were organized as estates until the Revolution with all the artisans of any one town administered by the Artisans' Board (Remeslennaia uprava) under its chairman, called the remeslennyi golova, who became an official and subordinate of the municipal administration or town duma.