Bandar Abbas

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Bandar Abbas

(bändär` äb-bäs`), city (1991 pop. 249,504), S Iran, on the Strait of Hormuz at the mouth of the Persian Gulf. A port of strategic and commercial importance, it is the focal point of the trade routes of S Iran. It was long noted for its trade with India. The town has food processing, textile, and oil refining industries; cotton, rugs, nuts, and dates are exported. Early in the 16th cent. the Portuguese established themselves in the region, seizing the islands in the strait and using the town, which they fortified and called Gamru, as a mainland port. Shah Abbas I recaptured (c.1615) the town and later the islands. The Dutch (without the shah's consent) and the English (with the shah's approval) subsequently set up trading stations there; they called the town Gombroon. In 1622, Shah Abbas renamed the town Bandar Abbas (port of Abbas) and developed it into a major port. Bandar Abbas began to lose importance in the late 1800s, especially after the opening of the Trans-Iranian RR terminal at the head of the Persian Gulf.
References in periodicals archive ?
Virji Vora, briefly mentioned earlier, was a Jain bania merchant, and had trading interests in Mokha and Gombroon in West Asia and Malaya and Sumatra in Southeast Asia.
By the Author of The Essay on ways and Means (London: James Knapton, 1698), II, 407-10; Charles Lockyer, An Account of the Trade in India containing rules for good Government in Trade, Price Courants, and tables: with descriptions of Fort St George, Acheen, Malacca, Condore, Canton, Anjengo, Muskat, Gombroon, Surat, Goa, Carwar, Telichery, Panola, Calicut, the Cape of Good-Hope, and St Helena.
The only exception is the diary of the siege of Isfahan in 1722 preceding the final collapse of central Safavid authority, and certain sections of the Dutch diaries of Gombroon (Bandar [Abbas.