Gomulka


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Gomulka

Władysław . 1905--82, Polish statesman; first secretary of the Polish Communist Party (1956--70)
References in periodicals archive ?
Wladyslaw Gomulka in Poland, Janos Kadar in Hungry and Alexander Dubcek in Czechoslovakia were first saved and then dumped.
The first obvious signs of unrest occurred in Poland, where several riots broke out in June 1956, imposing a series of claims and reforms: the Polish Communist Party called for a reinstatement of the purged Wladislaw Gomulka as head of the party; the dissolution of organized collective agricultural farms; higher privileges for the Catholic Church; the overall reduction in the intensity of state control, etc.
In June, Polish citizens were the first eastern-bloc people to riot against their Stalinists, and by the fall had a new revisionist government under Wladyslaw Gomulka.
Reisch also describes the great deal of thought Minden and the CIA gave in determining the types of books and publications that were selected specifically for each country based on changing political situations (the temporary relaxation of controls in Poland under Gomulka in 1956 and the crackdowns on intellectuals and dissidents in 1968; the Prague Spring in 1968; the Hungarian revolt of 1956; the ups and downs in Romania under Ceausescu; and the very strict censorship in Bulgaria).
The Eastern European branch is easily the most interesting and numerous, counting among them the wives of Stalin, Molotov, Kliment Voroshilov (a major military figure), Nikolai Bukharin (liquidated by Stalin in the last show-trial in 1938), Oscar Gomulka, once the head of Communist Poland, and who can forget the lifelong love of pre-WWII King Carol of Romania, Magda Lupescu (Elena Wolff in Yiddish)?
Before the year was out, the Polish party had elevated Wladyslaw Gomulka, a "national communist," to the position of party first secretary; by affirming loyalty to the Soviet Union, he managed to forestall a Red Army intervention.
Nevertheless, Dej was also fortunate in that the PMR lacked living martyrs who had been unjustly expelled from the party or suffered in prison during the Stalinist era--like Imre Nagy of Hungary and Wtadystaw Gomulka of Poland--and survived their ideals long enough to serve as popular leaders of an opposition movement that could credibly challenge Dej's power.
Pilch creates a series of sweet, sad, funny, Hrabalian vignettes on the events leading up to the day our adolescent hero, Jerzy, tries to dispatch Wladyslaw Gomulka (then first secretary of the Communist Party in Poland) with the aid of his dad and his dad's best friend, the desperately alcoholic Mr.
While retaining most traditional communist economic and social aims, the regime of First Secretary Wladyslaw Gomulka liberalized Polish internal life.
They had recently succeeded in getting their deposed liberal leader, Wladyslaw Gomulka, returned to power.
Poland's Communist leader in the late 1950s to 1960s, Wladyslaw Gomulka, and its leader from the height of Solidarity through martial law to the first free elections, Wojciech Jaruzielski, both went to the extreme degree of reviewing all such transcripts personally and demanding that aids check on their reports.
Michael Gomulka, defending, said he knew he'd be sent to prison for "phenomenally dangerous driving".