Mikhail Gorbachev

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Gorbachev, Mikhail Sergeevich

 

Born Mar. 2, 1931, in the village of Privol’noe, Krasnogvardeiskoe Raion, Stravropol’ Krai. Soviet party figure. Member of the CPSU since 1952.

The son of a peasant, Gorbachev graduated from the law department of Moscow State University in 1955. In 1967 he completed the correspondence course of the Stavropol’ Agricultural Institute. He was an assistant combine operator at a machine tractor station from 1946 to 1950. Between 1956 and 1962, Gorbachev served as first secretary of the Stavropol’ city committee of the Komsomol and second and first secretary of the krai committee. He was first secretary of the Stavropol’ city committee of the CPSU and second secretary of the krai committee from 1966 to 1970; from 1970 to 1978 he was first secretary of the krai committee.

Gorbachev became a secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU in November 1978 and was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1971. A candidate member of the Politbüro of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1979, Gorbachev was elected a member of the Politbüro in 1980. He was a deputy to the eighth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

Gorbachev has received three Orders of Lenin, the Order of the October Revolution, two other orders, and various medals.

References in periodicals archive ?
There are serious obstacles on the path to a nuke-free world, though, Gorbachev warned.
The Daily Mail quotes Gorbachev further: "Judging by the recent declarations, diplomats of both sides are preparing for many long years of confrontation.
The deputies hope that an investigation will result in a number of criminal cases, including against Gorbachev.
What is happening in Ukraine is the result of failure of the government to act democratically and resolve the problem with its their people," Gorbachev, 82, said at the forum.
Gorbachev is disliked by many Russians as they perceive his role in the collapse of the Soviet Union, followed by political and economic chaos in 1990s.
He accused Gorbachev of the Soviet army aggression.
In his address to the Lafayette students and faculty members, Gorbachev lamented that "the opportunities that existed after the end of the Cold War .
More broadly, Gorbachev said that leaders across the Arab world are now faced with rising calls for democracy because they have been in power for too long, and have created situations where people's voices have not been not heard.
Former Spice Girl Geri Halliwell, actors Anna Friel and Rhys Ifans and social activist Jemima Khan were along the celebrity guests at last night's Raisa Gorbachev Foundation Gala at Hampton Court Palace in London.
Mr Gorbachev said: "The people nominated for the inaugural Gorbachev Awards have already made a significant contribution to the world and changed the way we live our lives today.
On March 30th 2011, Mikhail Gorbachev will be announcing the winners of the inaugural The Mikhail Gorbachev Award "The Man Who Changed the World" at the Charitable Gala Event to celebrate his 80th Birthday at the Royal Albert Hall in London, Great Britain.